THE IMMEDIATE CAUSE OF THE REVOLT OF 1857. The rebellion. Such innovations were alien to the Indians, who became fearful of the British intentions. The European juries allowed European criminals with little or no punishment. The judicial system introduced by the British was based on equality. British paramountcy—i.e., the belief in British dominance in Indian political, economic, and cultural life—had been introduced in India about 1820. The Revolt of 1857, also known as The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was caused by various factors which were political, social, economic and military in nature. This affected all the sectors of the Indian society. British traders made enormous profits in this two way trade. The introduction of certain laws unsettled the mind of the Indians. E. Activities Of MissionariesThe Indians had a lurking suspicion in their minds that they would be converted to Christianity under the new regime. The great uprising of 1857 was an important landmark in the history of modern India. • Mangal Pandey, a sepoy of Barrackpore near Calcutta on 29 March 1857 initiated the revolt of sepoys, and it started as the revolt of the people. Some of them were : They even looked upon the reforming zeal of British officials with suspicion. 4. From the battle of Palessay in 1757, to the revolt 1857, it was a full century. Revolt Of 1857 Social Causes Quick Notes on Revolt of 1857: Social Causes The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The most important cause of popular discontent was the British policy of economically exploiting India. Prior to the revolt of 1857, there were several rumours circulating in the society. Some of them were :Sati Ban ActWidow Remarriage ActThey even looked upon the reforming zeal of British officials with suspicion. They did not interact with the Indians and humiliated them. 4. F. New LawsThe introduction of certain laws unsettled the mind of the Indians. But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. They were shocked when a law was passed allowing Hindu converts to Christianity to inherit their ancestral property. The revolt was the result of religious insult to the sepoys. It was only later on that other elements of society joined the revolt. the britisheres said to sepoy that they have to use cartridges coated with fat of pig and cow. It started in Meerut on 10th may 1857 Sepoys were unhappy because they were given less money and also they were conquering their own motherland (INDIA)!!!! These are the various causes resulted in the revolt of 1857. The social causes of the Revolt of 1857 were: The British introduced railways, post and telegraph in India. Greased cartridges were to be used in these rifles. D. Disbanded soldiers were seething with anger and were determined to revenge. Greased cartridges were to be used in these rifles. General service enlistment act. But in the 18th century the pattern of trade underwent a drastic change. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 had diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes. THE REVOLT OF 1857 ; Social Causes ; Religious Causes; 18 SOCIAL CAUSES. • The expansionist and annexationist policies of the British power in India made all the Indian rulers, big and small, Hindu and Muslim look with doubt and developed hate towards the British power in India. The unrest of the sepoys in the army of the British is the spontaneous outburst against the British officer, and it was a peak of burning displeasure in sepoys. for different reasons. There was a clear lack of unity among the rebels and there was no common purpose among them during the revolt of 1857. Military Causes: The Revolt of 1857 started as a sepoy mutiny. The social causes of the Revolt of 1857 were: These were some of the points which caused the Revolt of the 1857. The subsidiary alliance and the Doctrine of Lapse of Dalhousie angered Indian Princes. A. In late March 1857 a sepoy named Mangal Pandey attacked British officers at the military garrison in Barrackpore.He was arrested and then executed by the British in early April. It was not planned and organized. The social causes behind the revolt are: (1) Political and organizational 4. The rulers of India fell one by one before the might of the Western arms. Dissatisfaction at the workspace and the continuing abuse and low wages also marked important reasons for the revolt. The soldiers had to bite the end of the cartridges to use them. The imperialist policy of the East India Company was an important factor. Change in pattern of trade and commerce During the first two hundred years of its rule , the British East India Company confined its activities to trade and commerce. Chapter 1.04 The Freedom Struggle of 1857, Chapter 1.04: The Freedom Struggle of 1857 - Exercise [Page 20], Balbharati History and Civics 8th Standard Maharashtra State Board, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Arts, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Commerce, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Science, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 10, Maharashtra State Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Arts, Maharashtra State Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Commerce, Maharashtra State Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Science, Maharashtra State Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 10, CISCE ICSE / ISC Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Arts, CISCE ICSE / ISC Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Commerce, CISCE ICSE / ISC Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Science, CISCE ICSE / ISC Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 10, SSC (English Medium) 8th Standard Maharashtra State Board. My dear friend At this conjuncture I believe that the reasons for the Revolt of 1857 is indeed many, the prime and the most important one being the religious sentiments being hurt. The policy of Doctrine of Lapse was applied not only to Princes but also big Zamindars. They were against introduction of railways as all the castes would have to travel in the same compartment. Copyright © 2020 Applect Learning Systems Pvt. Causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. A) Delhi ------------- … CHurches and chaplains were established at Govt. During that period, the British Empire saw its rise and completion. What were the social causes behind the struggle of 1857 ? Every new recruit had to serve overseas. Every new recruit had to serve overseas. The sepoys were unorganized, but they could create the sensation of the need for independence among Indians. The Revolt of 1857 exposed the danger involved in allowing a commercial organisation to rule over a country. Causes of the Revolt of 1857. The Indian Sepoy were underpaid whereas their European counterpart were not. Socio-Religious Causes of 1857 Revolt One of the major reasons for the revolt was socio-religious policies of the British which included racial superiority and discrimination, missionary activities and deliberate efforts to subvert the religious beliefs of the people in India. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt of 1857. Preservearticles - Causes of the Revolt of 1857 open_in_new . Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.. An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. Therefore, in the first half of the 19th Century, the British proposal of social reform through the means of legislation- although it was directed towards the acceptability of British rule over India, but conservative sections viewed this as an imposition of Christianity over them. There were many political, social, economic reasons behind it. the intervension of the british in people's religious believes and religious practices. In those times, crossing of the sea was in violation of the religious sentiments of many Indians. The traders were also paid less. According to the rumour the enfeild rifles used the fat of two animals,namely cow and pig. in 1849, Revolt of the Santhals (1855-56), Kol uprising (1831-32) etc. Some glaring examples of this period are the 1813 Charter Act which conservative Indians viewed as an imposition of Christianity over them. Revolt Of 1857 Social Causes Quick Notes on Revolt of 1857: Social Causes The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Political cause: Nana sahib was refused pension as he was the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II. The British were also circumspect about interfering in the religious and cultural affairs of Indians. The company introduced the Enfield rifles in the Indian army. • Mangal Pandey was a spokesperson of the totality of the sepoys’ anger against the British. Military Causes: Indian soldiers formed seven-eighth of the total British troops in India. British expansionist policies, most of Raja’s, Nawab’s and zamindar’s, were either dispossessed or became subsidiary to the British 2. 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