*Many fierce battles occurred and India kept The policy of annexation and conquest has also been widely pointed out as one of the principal causes of the rebellion of 1857. The sepoys were sent to distant parts of the empire, but were not paid any extra allowance. Enactment of some Acts greatly offended the sentiment of the people. It is considered as the country’s First War of Independence which was against the rule of the British.. Then, the sepoys had to retreat. fill victim in his aggressive policy. DMPQ: Social reform movements played their role in making of modern India. On the other hand, the British force had huge and improved armory. This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company. By the end of 1859 A.D. the British power was reestablished in troubled areas. By the end of 1859 A.D. the British power was reestablished in troubled areas. He was accepted as the symbol of Hindu-Muslim unity. Savarkar, the great revolutionary, described this revolt as the first struggle for independence. The main persons behind this rebellion were the soldiers [sepoy]. New groups of soldiers were sent to India after the end of Crimean war. • Dr. R.C. Savarkar called 1857 revolt as the First War of Indian Independence. The policies and laws introduced by the Company created discontentment among the rulers, landlords, peasants, tribals and sepoys and all wanted an end to the colonial rule. Indian sepoys were refused promotion in service as like their European counterparts. This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company. The causes of the mutiny, therefore, were several and had been simmering for a long period of time but especially from 1848 to 1857. Karl Marx in his several essays described this revolt as nationalist fight for independence. India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. • Dr S.N. Revolt 1857 Causes Several causes as follows were responsible for the great rising: The fear of the native rulers that their states would be taken over by the English, the resentment of the people of the annexed states and the occasional disrespect shown to Bahadur Shah, the Mughal emperor by the English constituted the political causes. The main causes were disunity of the Indians, lack of complete nationalism etc. Watch all CBSE Class 5 to 12 Video Lectures here. In his opinion it was nothing better than feudalistic reaction of the revolt. causes of revolt of 1857 1. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt of 1857. The introduction of the greased cartridges took the situation to its highest point and thus in addition to economic, social and political causes there were military causes added to the Revolt of 1857. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.. An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. In loading the rifle the sepoy before inserting the cartridge had to bite off its top. It was the first rebellion against the East India Company which took the massive form. The Revolt of 1857 was the first sign that the Indians wanted to end British rule and were ready to stand united for this cause. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. Nov 23, 2018 • 1 h 19 m . The direct effects of the Revolt of 1857 may be summed up in the following words: First, the Revolt of 1857 exposed the danger involved in allowing a commercial organization to rule over a country. His commander Tantia Topi continued the fight up to April, 1859 A.D. and surrendered to the British force. They declared old Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah as the Badshah of India. The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. This War was fought in 1857 by Indians against the British in order to get rid of their domination. The War of Independence is an important landmark in the history of Sub-Continent. It is also given names as Indian Rebellion, Indian Mutiny as well as Indian Revolt. Bahadur Shah was arrested. The … The Great Revolt of 1857 (also Indian rebellion of 1857, the Great uprising of 1857, the Great rebellion, Indian Sepoy mutiny) is regarded as India’s First War of Independence against the British rule. CAUSES OF REVOLT. :- 03 2. One consequence of the mutiny was the establishment of direct British governance of India. They supported the British. M.N. Heavy Taxation on artisans and handicrafts. That ignited the fire. This course will be conducted in Hindi and the notes will also be provided in English. The subsidiary alliance and the Doctrine of Lapse of Dalhousie angered Indian Princes. Direct cause: At that time, Enfield rifles were introduced in the army. By a new act introduced in the British Parliament British government took the charge to rule India. It can be said that the great revolt of 1857 A.D. was a failure, but was not fruitless. What are the implications after its removal? All these states came under British rule. There was a clear lack of unity among the rebels and there was no common purpose among them during the revolt of 1857. Home — Essay Samples — History — Revolt of 1857 — The Revolt Of 1857, Its Reasons And Consequences This essay has been submitted by a student. If we do not consider any historical event on the basis of its success then the revolt of 1857 A.D. was never a tragedy. The sepoys established a symbol of Hindu-Muslim unity by electing Bahadur Shah as the Emperor of India. Satara, Jhansi, Sambalpur, Nagpur, etc. DMPQ- What is QUAD ? Revolt of 1857 was a rare moment in the development of the common people’s political consciousness. Answer: Military Causes: The Indian sepoys in the British army moved a strong sense of resentment at the low scale of salary and poor prospects of promotion. When the sepoys of Meerut reached Delhi there was huge upsurge. Major Causes of Revolt of 1857 Economic Causes. There were several revolts before this, but there was no feeling of Indian-ness in those revolts. Gradually it spread from Punjab in the north to Narmada in south, from Rajputana in the west to Bihar in the east. The British, opened a new avenue of exploitation on the peasants By introducing permanent settlement. The major causes of 1857 Revolt can be studied under the following heads − Economic Cause. The standpoint from which it is mostly condemned is morality or moral grounds but there is no morality in empire building or politics. But it was not simply a revolt of the sepoys. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. The Revolt of 1857 had far-reaching consequences. Thus out of discontent the artisans and peasantry joined hands with the sepoys in the mutiny. 2. There was no central organization of the sepoys. It led to changes in the system of administration and the policy of the Government. Discontinuation of the pension of the Peshwa Nana Sahib shocked the Marathas. Military cause: The sepoys of the company regiment had been feeling dissatisfied with the English for various reasons. 1— company didn't pay any ueed to religious doctrines of the natives as it was a for profit company. The sepoys fought the battle with their limited strength for four months. Fresh army men came from Singapore. The unhappiness of the sepoys first surfaced in 1824 when the 47th Regiment at Barrackpur was ordered to go to Burma. 3. Annexation of Indian states by the Company cut off their major source of patronage. This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company, so it has been commonly termed as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’. Out of such discontent the Indian sepoys led to a mutiny. Following are the Political causes of failure of 1857 mutiny. DMPQ: What is 52nd Constitutional amendment act. Religious causes 4. V.D. Not only the ruling house, but also the employees and other dependent families were deprived of their livings for the policy of Dalhousie. On the centenary of the great revolt Dr. Ramesh Chandra Majumder wrote and published a book entitled ‘Sepoy Mutiny’ and ‘Revolt of Eighteen Fifty Seven’. He was accepted as the symbol of Hindu-Muslim unity. CONSEQUENCES . Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt of 1857. Kunwar Singh, Bakht Khan of Bihar, Bahadur Khan, Moulavi Ahmed of Faizabad lost their lives one after the other. Because of all these reasons Kings, Princes, their courtiers and disbanded s… This created a kind of discontentment and distrust among the people against the British rule. The causes of the Great Revolt of 1857 and Sepoy Mutiny may be studied in the following heads: Political cause: Major political cause for the outbreak of the Revolt was the policy of annexation followed by Dalhousie.