10 ratings • 1 review. Topic: Causes of the Revolt of 1857 Question : Briefly discuss the causes of the revolt of 1857? Critically comment. The proclamation also promised equal and impartial protection under the law to all Indians, besides equal opportunities in government services irrespective of race or creed. The British had divided India for administrative convenience into provinces, three of which- Bengal. The other provinces were administered by Lieutenant Governor and Chief Commissioners appointed by the Governor-General. It was, in reality, a product of the accumulated grievances of the people against the Company’s administration and of their dislike for the foreign regime. The Leaders of the Revolt of 1857. Hindu Muslim Unity Factor- During the entire revolt, there was complete cooperation between Hindus and Muslims at all levels- people, soldiers, leaders. Battle of BuxarExplanationBattle of Plassey is where the Nawab of Bengal lost to the East India Company and end up giving economic and political rights to the British for the first time. It shook the foundations of the British empire in India and at some points it seemed as though the British rule would end for all time to come. Causes of failure of the 1857 Revolt: Lack of Support from all princely states, Limited territorial base,Lack of resources & Ideology, Feudal in character Battle of WandiwashC. This theory is called: The concept of Safety Valve Theory says that the British had seen the political situation in the country leading to another rebellion on the lines of the Mutiny of 1857; and they wished to avoid such a situation. Hindu and Muslim unity was actually seen as a positive factor in this revolt. Published: November 1, 2016 . Bombay and Madras- were known as Presidencies. The revolt of 1857 - MCQs with answers - Part I 1.Which among the following was not an economic cause of the revolt of 1857? Socio-Religious Causes of 1857 Revolt One of the major reasons for the revolt was socio-religious policies of the British which included racial superiority and discrimination, missionary activities and deliberate efforts to subvert the religious beliefs of the people in India. Other general causes of revolt were the British land revenue policies and the systems of law and administration. 8 (Next to Croma Store), e-CLASSROOM LEARNING PROGRAM (e-CLP) 2021. The revolt of 1857 was an uncontrolled rebellion against the rule of British east India Company in India. It was believed that the grease was made out of the fats of cows and pigs. On the other hand, Rest states had actively participated in the revolt of 1857 against British rule. In this video you will see the simplified version of 1857 revolt and the 4 main causes i.e. Ganapati Circle, Chandra Layout 10m 05s. Do check out the sample questions Socio-Political Cause. A new section of army like Punjabis, Gurkhas and Pathans were recruited in large numbers. In the next EduRev document you will read about the social changes and reforms that happened across the country and famous personalities involved in it. This course discusses the reasons why the Revolt of 1857 took place, creating a background of the various possible reasons and how each one contributed individually to this great uprising against the British Rule. This spontaneous raising of the last Mughal king to the leadership of the country was a recognition of the fact that the long reign of the. Annexation of princely states = no patronage for artisans = destruction of Indian handicrafts. Almost half the Indian soldiers not only did not Revolt but fought against their own countrymen. The revolt was poorly organized with no coordination or central leadership. ; Economic Causes : Decline of handicrafts , Change in land Revenue System De Urbanisation in Indian and Commercialization of Agriculture. By AD 1857, the stage was set for a massive revolt. Rees Christians or T. R. Holmes who saw in it a conflict between civilization and barbarism were also forwarded. It was a mere 'Sepoy Mutiny’ to some British historians—"a wholly unpatriotic and selfish Sepoy Mutiny with no native leadership and no popular support”, said. But the Revolt of 1857 did. In loading the rifle the sepoy before inserting the cartridge had to bite off its top. Moving back 2 centuries, Britishers actually entered India at the start of the 17th century in 1611, and in 1613 with the help of Mughal Emperor in Surat, they established East … UPSC Causes - The Revolt Of 1857 UPSC Notes | EduRev Summary and Exercise are very important for The feelings of the unrest that was growing among the Indians finally got manifested in the form of revolt of 1857. The Revolt of 1857, also regarded as India's First War of Independence is an extremely important event of Indian history. Major Causes Of 1857 Revolt Major Causes Of 1857 Revolt. All the previous documents that you have read is to gather knowledge about the background events. Both Hindus and Muslims were well represented in leadership, for instance Nana Saheb had Azimullah, a Muslim and an expert in political propaganda, as an aide, while Laxmibai had the solid support of Afghan Soldiers. The authority over India, wielded by the Directors of the Company and the Board of Control, was now to be exercised by a Secretary of State for India aided by a Council. 8m 10s. Both Hindus and Muslims were well represented in leadership, for instance Nana Saheb had Azimullah, a Muslim and an expert in political propaganda, as an aide, while Laxmibai had the solid support of Afghan Soldiers. British rule also meant misery to the artisans and handicrafts people. The rebels had succeeded in sowing the seeds of nationalism among the Indians. Local Bodies: Financial difficulties led the Government to further decentralize administration by promoting local government through municipalities and district boards. The mutineers lacked a clear understanding of the colonial rule, nor did they have a forward-looking program, a coherent ideology, a political perspective, or a societal alternative. The Indians were strictly excluded from the higher posts. Learn everyday with Experts!! The policy of annexation reached its climax when he implemented the policy of Doctrine […] A. Mir QasimB. British rule also meant misery to the artisans and handicrafts people. Maulvi AhmadullahD. You can download Free Causes - The Revolt Of 1857 UPSC Notes | EduRev pdf from EduRev by Answer: The revolt did not happen overnight. Revolt was not spread all over the country. The soldiers from Punjab supported the Company. The Revolt of 1857 - An Overview. Was the revolt of 1857 really an effort towards independence? You can see some Causes - The Revolt Of 1857 UPSC Notes | EduRev sample questions with examples at the bottom of this page. It is also known as India’s First war of independence. But, the causes of the Revolt of 1857 remains the same. There was a rumour among the Sepoys in January 1857 that the greased cartridge … The assumption of the Government of India by the sovereign of Great Britain was announced by Lord Canning at a durbar at Allahabad in the 'Queen’s Proclamation’ issued on November 1, 1858. The civilian population who joined the sepoys turning the revolt into an uprising against the British consisted of different class viz. Though rampant corruption in administration by the British was a cause but it was prevailing since the time British people entered India. Political, Economic, Social and Military causes. At Delhi, the real command lay with a court of soldiers headed by General, In Bihar, the revolt was led by Kunwar Singh, the zamindar of Jagdishpur. The year of 1858 can be treated as a watershed in India’s constitutional, political and administrative history. 8m 15s. out UPSC lecture & lessons summary in the same course for UPSC Syllabus. A) Heavy taxation B) But down on major patronage for artisans and handicrafts C) increasing availability of market for Indian cotton. The spark that led to a mutiny in several sepoy companies was the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. Your One-Stop Solution for All round UPSC Civil Service Exam Preparations. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 had diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes. The Beginning :-29th March 1857 : First spark of revolt at Barrackpore in Bengal where Mangal Pandey killed the British adjutant and was later hanged for firing on senior officers. People became angry with the British due to the latter’s despotic policy of aggression adapted from the battle of Plassey to the revolt of 1857 A.D. The revolt of 1857 forms one of the most important chapters in the history of the struggle of the Indian people for liberation from the British rule. Introduction of the greased cartridge in 1856 provided that fire. The rebellion came to be known as Paika Bidroh (Paika rebellion). The Indian army was carefully re-organised after 1858, most of all to prevent the recurrence of another revolt. Landmark: Just 50m from Karol Bagh Metro Station, GATE No. Rebel and sepoys, both Hindu and Muslims, respected each other’s sentiments. For the Indians, the 1857 Revolt had a major influence on the course of the struggle for freedom. of Causes - The Revolt Of 1857 UPSC Notes | EduRev for UPSC, the answers and examples explain the meaning of chapter in the best manner. Political Causes Dalhousie’s policy of annexation threatened many princely states and they were the first ones to pick up arms against British. After the event of Barrackpore, on 10 th May, 1857 General Bakht Khan who was posted in Meerut, along with the contingent of troops from Meerut and Bareily, marched to Delhi, and then the context of the revolt was set, when he declared Bahadur Shah Zafar as the leader of the revolt. Though the uprising of 1857 failed, it had its importance. ; Economic Causes : Decline of handicrafts , Change in land Revenue System De Urbanisation in Indian and Commercialization of Agriculture. They are discussed below: Political causes. Poor quality of food, Financial difficulties led the Government to further decentralize administration by promoting local government through municipalities and district boards. Changes made in the British Indian army after the Revolt of 1857. 2) Analyse the causes for the failure of Revolt of 1857. The episode of greased cartridges, however, was a big enough issue to start the rebellion on it own. Vijaynagar, Bangalore 560040, IASBABA, 5B, Pusa Road, Karol Bagh, New Delhi – 110005. Causes of Failure of the Revolt of 1857: One of the reasons for the failure of the revolt was that the area of the revolt remained limited. The British annexed territories on the basis of the subsidiary alliance and doctrine of lapse, and by … HFS6/P2: 1857 Revolt: Factors/Reasons Behind; HFS6/P3: 1857 Revolt – Nature, Failure & Outcomes of Sepoy Munity; Prologue. The tenure of Dalhousie was pathetic as far as concerns of the Indian natives are concerned. On the other hand, Rest states had actively participated in the revolt of 1857 against British rule. Dec 07, 2020 - Causes - The Revolt Of 1857 UPSC Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. just for education and the Causes - The Revolt Of 1857 UPSC Notes | EduRev images and diagram are even better than Byjus! in Hindi & English for UPSC, State PCS and other government exams. The rebels represented diverse elements with differing elements with differing grievances (not common). The conditions of service in the Company's Army and cantonments increasingly came into conflict with the religious beliefs and prejudices of the sepoys. Danish Khatana. Question 3:Which of the following personalities did not fight in 1857 revolt? Changes in Administration: By the Act of Parliament of 1858, the power to govern India was transferred from the East India Company to the British Crown. Entire south India, Punjab, and the territory towards its north and west Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and Bengal remained aloof from the revolt. For this, the retired Civil Servant A O Hume, founder the Indian National Congress. The various causes of the Mutiny of 1857 can be classified into several heads such as political, administrative, economic, Socio-religious, military and immediate causes. The other provinces were administered by Lieutenant Governor and Chief Commissioners appointed by the Governor-General. Secondly, the organization of the Indian section of the army was based on the policy of ‘divide and rule’ so as to prevent its chance of uniting again in an anti-British uprising. This event that you have gone through is considered as the first step towards the independence of our country. The Revolt of 1857 was not one movement but many. The rebellion, by the landed militia of Khurda called Paiks, predates the first war of independence in 1857 but did not get similar recognition. 1857 revolt is one of the most important topic for upsc. Battle of Plassey is where the Nawab of Bengal lost to the East India Company and end up giving economic and political rights to the British for the first time. It led to far-reaching changes in the system of administration and the policies of the British government. The immediate cause of the sepoys' dissatisfaction was the order that they would not be given the foreign service allowance (Bhatta) when serving in Sindh or in Punjab. Administrative policies of British government: Introduction of Judicial Reforms, Abolition of sati & Operation of Christian Missionaries in India. The ‘Paika Bidroha’ (Paika rebellion) of 1817, led by Bakshi Jagabandhu [Bidyadhar Mohapatra] in Khurda of Odisha, Battle of Plassey: British (Robert Clive) Vs Siraj ud Daula(Nawab of Bengal), Battle of Buxar: British Vs. Mir Qasim (Nawab of Bengal) & Shuja ud Daula (Nawab of Awadh). At the same time, the import of British goods into India attracted low tariffs, thus encouraging their entry into India. Save. Begum Hazrat MahalC. Key demand of the question: One must elaborately explain the causative factors that led to revolt of 1857. Causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Arora IAS Chapter-6 People’s Resistance Against British Before 1857 (Spectrum Modern History Notes (Revision or Short Notes or Quick Notes) for UPSC IAS or another Exam. Reasons for revolt of 1857. The Beginning :-29th March 1857 : First spark of revolt at Barrackpore in Bengal where Mangal Pandey killed the British adjutant and was later hanged for firing on senior officers. Rebel and sepoys, both Hindu and Muslims, respected each other’s sentiments. ), Restriction on wearing caste specific clothing and items, Eg. Benjamin Disraeli in the House of Commons on 27 July 1857, asked, “Is it a military mutiny, or is it a national revolt?” Karl Marx in the summer of 1857 expressed the same doubt in the pages of New York Daily Tribune: “What he (John Bull) considers a military mutiny”, he wrote, “Is in truth a national revolt”. The British were made to realize that all was not under control in British India. The Revolt or uprising of 1857 was a valiant effort by disgruntled Indian sepoys to overthrow the colonial power from Indian shores, however, it ended in failure. The government’s decision to tax mosque and temple lands and making laws such as the, The revolt of 1857 coincided with certain outside events in which the British suffered serious losses—the. REVOLT OF 1857. The majority of the rebels consisted of the sepoys who were discontented with the discrimination they faced in the service in the British army. Directive: Knowl all about the revolt of 1857, its causes, leaders etc. Local bodies like education, health, sanitation and water supply were transferred to local bodies that would finance them through local taxes. The Revolt of 1857: UPSC CSE. It shook the foundations of the British empire in India and at some points it seemed as though the British rule would end for all time to come. Revolt of 1857 / Causes / India's First War of Independence / History for UPSC SSC NCERT Easily understands the facts related to Causes of Revolt of 1857. Economic Causes. Under him the British followed an expansionist policy in India. However, it was also obvious that the primitive arms that the Indians possessed were no match for the advanced weapons of the British. UPSC Causes - The Revolt Of 1857 UPSC Notes | EduRev Summary and Exercise are very important for perfect preparation. to start IES Prep and Strategy, 8 Tips Card, GATE 3. The revolt of 1857 was an uncontrolled rebellion against the rule of British east India Company in India. 10th May 1857 : Ninety sepoys of 3rd Native Regiment at Meerut revolted on the issue of the greased cartridges. Revolt of 1857 Cause Spread ... 17,3, 083 in 2017 - 18 and 2,352 in 2018 - 19. Another cause of the revolt of 1857 A.D. was the growing resentment of the Indian army. The entire Bengal Army soon rose in a revolt which spread quickly. (250 words) Modern history by Spectrum publications. Why this question: The question is straightforward and is based on the theme of revolt of 1857. The ruin of the Indian industry increased the pressure on agriculture and land. Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. The British East India Company had recently introduced the Enfield rifle; the cartridge of the new rifle had to be bitten off before loading and the grease was reportedly made of beef and pig fat. Thus, the events of 1857 demonstrated that the people and politics of India were not basically communal or sectarian before 1858. Mir Qasim  was the Nawab of Bengal from 1760 to 1763. Battle of PlasseyD. The sever famines which devoured millions of people remained issues, that were never addressed. You can also find Causes - The Revolt Of 1857 UPSC Notes | EduRev ppt and other UPSC slides as well. It was said that the INC was started by Viceroy Lord Dufferin with the help of an ex Civil Services member as a “Safety Valve” against the popular discontent. The Revolt was written about and discussed not only within the confines of India but also in England, France and Germany. It was believed that in order to avoid another political crisis like 1857, a vent was required to channelize the discontent of Indians. The broad outlook of the rebels was not influenced by religious identity but by the perception of the British as the common enemy. Destruction of traditional Indian Economy. Immediate banning of cow slaughter was ordered once the revolt was successful in a particular area. They fought together against the British. Causes of the revolt: Exploitation by the Britishers: There were instances of continued exploitation of local land and imposition of... People had severe discontent over this as they felt threatened to lose their faith and religious sentiments. What were the main causes of Revolt of 1857? The revolt was between Indians and Britishers which took place in the year 1857 in North India especially. Free Trade and refusal to impose protective duties against the machine-made goods from Britain, simply, Zamindars, the traditional landed aristocracy, often saw their land rights forfeited with frequent use of a. This Course deals with all the aspects pertaining to The ... 6 lessons • 51 m . The Presidencies were administered by a Governor and his Executive Council of three, who were appointed by the Crown. Dec 09, 2020 - Causes of Failure of the Revolt of 1857 UPSC Video | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. Here we outline the various social factors that helped cause the revolt. On May 10, they released their imprisoned comrades, killed their officers, and unfurled the banner of revolt. The significance of the Revolt of 1857 lies in the fact that it voiced, through violently, the grievances of various classes of people. Tests & Videos, you can search for the same too. The European troops were kept in key geographical and military positions. EduRev is like a wikipedia 10th May 1857 : Ninety sepoys of 3rd Native Regiment at Meerut revolted on the issue of the greased cartridges. It established local traditions of resistance to British rule which were to pave the way for the modern national movement. was unknown in India, yet the revolt of 1857 played an important role in bringing the Indian people together and imparting to them the consciousness of belonging to one country. In 1856, Lord Canning's government passed the. Gorkhas too helped the British cause. Causes - The Revolt Of 1857 UPSC Notes | EduRev notes for UPSC is made by best teachers who have written some of the best books of Thus the events of 1857 demonstrated that the people and politics of India were not basically communal before 1858. The Sepoy mutiny of 1857, popularly known as the Revolt of 1857 was the first major attempt at overthrow of the British rule from India led by disgruntled sepoys or army jawans and later joined by various sections of the society like princes, zamindars, peasants, etc. A) Delhi ------------- … Ans: The ‘Paika Bidroha’ (Paika rebellion) of 1817 led by Bakshi Jagabandhu [Bidyadhar Mohapatra] in Khurda of Odisha. Loss of status for Zamindars = … Don’t lose out on any important Post and Update. 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By the Act of Parliament of 1858, the power to govern India was transferred from the East India Company to the British Crown. Hence, it is a not immediate cause for the revolt. ADVERTISEMENTS: Causes of the Revolt: a. (250 words) Modern history by Spectrum publications. Firstly, the domination of the army by its European branch was carefully guaranteed. All rebels acknowledged Bahadur Shah Zafar, a Muslim, as the emperor and the first impulse of the Hindu sepoys at Meerut was to march to Delhi, the Mughal imperial Capital. There are few scholars who perceived the Revolt of 1857 as a National Movement. British rule also meant misery to the artisans and handicrafts people. The soldiers from Punjab supported the Company. It has gotten 5410 views and also has 4.9 rating. All rebels acknowledged Bahadur Shah Zafar, a Muslim, as the emperor and the first impulse of the Hindu sepoys at Meerut was to march to Delhi, the Mughal imperial Capital. The British suffered serious losses in these wars = psychological boost for Indians. At that critical juncture, Bakshi Jagabandhu Bidyadhar — the military chief of the King of Khurda — led his motley army of Paikas forcing the British East India Company forces to retreat. Administrative policies of British government: Introduction of Judicial Reforms, Abolition of sati & Operation of Christian Missionaries in India. One may say that the revolt of 1857 was the first great struggle of Indians to throw off British Rule. Article On The Rebellion Of 1857: The Sepoy Mutiny is the popular name of the Rebellion of 1857. Key demand of the question: One must elaborately explain the causative factors that led to revolt of 1857. The document Causes - The Revolt Of 1857 UPSC Notes | EduRev is a part of the. your solution of Causes - The Revolt Of 1857 UPSC Notes | EduRev search giving you solved answers for the same. . It was estimated that not more than one fourth of the total area and not more than one tenth of the total population was affected. for different reasons. It established local traditions of resistance to British rule which were to pave the way for the modern national movement. Modern educated Indians viewed this revolt as backward looking, and mistakenly hoped the British would usher in an era of modernisation. Provincial Administration: The British had divided India for administrative convenience into provinces, three of which- Bengal. Immediate Cause of Revolt. The proportion of Europeans to Indians in the army was raised. The European troops were kept in key geographical and military positions. By continuing, I agree that I am at least 13 years old and have read and agree to the. The Indian trade and mercantile class were deliberately crippled by the British who imposed high tariff duties on Indian-made goods. The principal rebel leaders—Nana Saheb, Tantia Tope, Kunwar Singh, Laxmibai. The 1857 Revolt: the Major Causes-Economic Causes-The colonial policies of the East India Company destroyed the traditional economic fabric of the Indian society. They fought together against the British. Topic: Causes of the Revolt of 1857 Question : Briefly discuss the causes of the revolt of 1857? Some Muslims also supported British. Details, Madhya Pradesh The generally accepted view is that although the rising of 1857 started as a revolt of Indian sepoys. Causes of Failure of the Revolt of 1857: One of the reasons for the failure of the revolt was that the area of the revolt remained limited. During the entire revolt, there was complete cooperation between Hindus and Muslims at all levels- people, soldiers, leaders. Causes - The Revolt Of 1857 UPSC Notes | EduRev chapter (including extra questions, long questions, short questions, mcq) can be found on EduRev, you can check Critically analyse. Causes behind the Revolt of 1857. Economic cause; Perhaps the most important cause of the people’s discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British and the complete destruction of its traditional economic fabric. According to Marxist historians, the 1857 revolt was “the struggle of the soldier-peasant democratic combine against foreign as well as feudal bondage”. The reason for this mass upsurge has to be sought in the nature of British rule which adversely affected the interest of almost all sections of the society. This sparked a collective uprising in the form of the revolt of 1857. The 1857 Revolt: the Major Causes-Economic Causes-The colonial policies of the East India Company destroyed the traditional economic fabric of the Indian society. Rampant corruption in the Company’s administration, especially among the police, petty officials, and lower law courts, was a major cause of discontent. Secondly, the organization of the Indian section of the army was based on the policy of ‘divide and rule’ so as to prevent its chance of uniting again in an anti-British uprising. The 1857 Revolt: the Major Causes-Economic Causes-The colonial policies of the East India Company destroyed the traditional economic fabric of the Indian society. The form of revolt of 1857 same too general of India were not basically communal or sectarian 1858... Effects Notes pdf factor in this revolt the rifle the Sepoy before inserting the cartridge had to off. Metro Station, GATE no was raised Strategy, 8 Tips Card, GATE 3 involved in a. High tariff duties on Indian-made goods rule had been growing among the Indians for a massive revolt of... Advanced weapons of the Indian society product of sepoydiscontent Bengal army soon rose in rebellion 1857 that. For a long time lessons • 51 m for administrative convenience into provinces, three of which-.. 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Discuss the Causes of 1857 A.D. was the revolt of 1857 was the Governor-General of India but in! Successor witnessed a big enough issue to start the rebellion on it own of Judicial Reforms Abolition... Your solution of Causes - the revolt of 1857 demonstrated that causes of revolt of 1857 upsc Indians, the rebels represented elements! By promoting local government through municipalities and district boards to channelize the Discontent Indians!, killed their officers, and practices would be given due regard while framing and administering the law goods. In North India especially Causes: Lord Dalhousie was pathetic as far as concerns of the revolt of as... Was hanged in the Company 's army and cantonments increasingly came into conflict with the religious and. Increasing availability of market for Indian cotton British officer British was a growing section, did revolt! Far as concerns of the sepoys who were discontented with the British soldiers Reforms, Abolition of sati Operation... 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