The king of the Danes is indeed a character in Beowulf.His name is Hrothgar, and he is almost as important a character in the first half of the poem as Beowulf is. Although he was a Danish king, he is considered to have mythological origins. good king” (11). bookmarked pages associated with this title. Heremod as a figure who contrasts greatly with Beowulf. This set of values emphasizes the interconnection of loyalty, bravery, and generosity. welcomes Beowulf back Beowulf’s father. Magical Giant Sword Beowulf miraculously finds this wonderful weapon in the underwater cave and uses it to kill Grendel's mother. Beowulf presents the hilt to Hrothgar along with Grendel's head. Hygelac’s father of Hrothgar, Heorogar, Halga, and an unnamed daughter who His ship funeral early in the poem is a significant ritual. Because his ruthless and miserable A childhood friend, whom he defeated in a swimming match. What is the name Beowulf king in Geat-land? of Heorot is explained by her desire for vengeance—a human motivation. King of the Danes (people of Denmark) 2. CliffsNotes study guides are written by real teachers and professors, so no matter what you're studying, CliffsNotes can ease your homework headaches and help you score high on exams. with the dragon. Sigemund’s Some scholars believe his presence had agricultural or religious meaning. Get an answer for 'Describe Beowulf's boasts upon meeting Hrothgar, king of the Danes.' … in-depth analysis of Grendel. In Beowulf, edited by Joseph E. Tuso, the epic begins with a depiction of the good king -- Scyld. Heorot Hrothgar's mead-hall is more like a palace, symbolizing his and the Scyldings' success. In 'Beowulf,' Scyld is a king. values of heroism and leadership. in a hidden mound. Hygelac. a long line of Danish rulers and embodies the Danish tribe’s highest Wiglaf Beowulf. She and her son live in a cave beneath a swampy lake (or mere) where she battles Beowulf. King Hrothgar- guilty of sin of pride; reminds Beowulf of what he did for Beowulf's father. The narrator presents Beow as a gift from God to a people In the end each clan on the outlying coasts beyond the whale-road had to yield to him and begin to pay tribute. father, Hygelac’s brother-in-law, and Hrothgar’s friend. Grendel A descendant of the biblical Cain, the enormous ogre despises mankind's joy. A far-famed warrior an age old gold-hilted sword, Beagling a prince's high seat, a fine hall, and a large estate. Hrothgar’s He is a father figure to Beowulf and Tap card to see definition . thereby proving himself a suitable successor to Beowulf. A wicked queen of legend who punishes anyone who King Hrothgar. Beowulf shows immense loyalty towards the King of the Danes, Hrothgar, throughout the entire poem. Dragon Guarding a treasure-trove in Geatland, he is angered when a fugitive steals a single gold-plated flagon. Beowulf’s Click again to see term . It melts down to the hilt after Beowulf uses it to decapitate Grendel's corpse. 3. Two Men, Three Swords, and a Great Mead-Hall. Beowulf's first allegiance is to the king of the Geats, Hygelac. loyalty to Hygelac in helping his son to the throne. The hero of Beowulf, Beowulf is a Geatish warrior loyal to his king, Hygelac. Confused? wife, the gracious queen of the Danes. alludes to the story of their contest, and Beowulf then relates Beowulf then becomes king of the Geats. Scyld Scefing A mythical figure, Scyld was the founder of the tribe of the Scyldings long before Beowulf's story begins. married a king of the Swedes, Halfdane succeeded Beow as ruler of The mead hall was called Herot. . Beow is the son of Shield Sheafson and father of noble reputation that he made for himself during his life and in Grendel sees it as a symbol of mankind's joy and delights in raiding and capturing it nightly. Beowulf is filled with the stories of kings. Every character in a play, poem, or a film has a strategic role to play allocated to him/her by the playwright or the filmmaker. it in detail. The three major kings living at the time of the action in the poem are Hygelac, Hrothgar, and Beowulf. Unferth Heardred Despite Beowulf's support, the young king, son of Hygelac and Hygd, is killed in a feud.Beowulf then becomes king of the Geats.Grendel A descendant of the biblical Cain, the enormous ogre despises mankind's joy. The point is that they're two different groups living in the area that, centuries later, will be Sweden. Discuss two possible motivations. Beowulf is a fictional prince of the Geats of southern Sweden who comes to Denmark to help King Hrothgar rid his fabulous hall, Heorot, of a terrible monster known as Grendel. Beowulf kills Grendel with his bare hands and Grendel's mother with a giant's sword that he found in her lair. An Halfdane. Beowulf is loyal to her and her young son, Heardred, when Hygelac dies. until Grendel terrorizes his realm. A wise and aged ruler, Hrothgar represents a different kind of leadership from that exhibited by the youthful warrior Beowulf. What is Herot? There was Shield Sheafson, scourge of many tribes, a wrecker of mead-benches, rampaging among foes.. . Are you sure you want to remove #bookConfirmation# the Danes. Beowulf’s and find homework help for other Beowulf questions at eNotes Wiglaf The only thane to stand with Beowulf against the dragon, he is the Geats' future king and a symbol of loyalty within the social/political structure of the comitatus. elder son, Hrethric stands to inherit the Danish throne, but Hrethric’s monster Grendel, Grendel’s mother, and a fire-breathing dragon. in-depth analysis of Beowulf. The Geats are definitely notSwedes, though. Heardred Despite Beowulf's support, the young king, son of Hygelac and Hygd, is killed in a feud. EcgÞeow had been banished before his son's birth because he was unable to pay a high weregild, a type of fine imposed on those who had killed a man. Beowulf is the oldest known example of English literature, being the most important example of Anglo-Saxon (Old English) epic poetry to date. descended, Shield Sheafson is the mythical founder who inaugurates Previous All rights reserved. He builds Heorot, a magnificent hall, and builds love and loyalty through his generosity and wisdom. effective ruler. young kinsman and retainer of Beowulf who helps him in the fight Hygelac King of the Geats and uncle to Beowulf, his death in battle (c. 520) is recorded historically, unlike most of the events in the poem. He menaces Hrothgar and the Danes for 12 years before facing Beowulf in battle. of his rise from orphan to warrior-king, concluding, “That was one Beowulf’s A foundling to start with, he would flourish later on. Unferth Dane- taunts Beowulf as competition gives Beowulf good sword before fight with Grendel's mom. In fact, the Geats and Swedes are two rival Swedish tribes, in the same way that the Franks and Frisians are rival Germanic tribes. He is a thane of the Geat king Hygelac and eventually becomes King of the Geats. governs the world of the poem. Hrothulf’s treachery contrasts with Beowulf’s The scop, or bard, at Heorot discusses King Beowulf then becomes king of the Geats. The 17th act of the Anglo-Saxon poem Beowulf includes Beowulf's fight with a dragon, the third monster he encounters in the epic.On his return from Heorot, where he killed Grendel and Grendel's mother, Beowulf becomes king of the Geats and rules wisely for fifty years until a slave awakens and angers a dragon by stealing a jeweled cup from its lair. uncle, king of the Geats, and husband of Hygd. Lafing—Name of a famous sword presented to Hengest by Hun. A wooden, large mead hall where men of the community go to meet, celebrate, eat, sleep, etc. Read an An unnamed swamp-hag, Grendel’s mother seems to Beowulf the main character, has the strength of 30 in each arm, Hygelac’s kinsmen, eventually becomes king of the geats, defeats Grendel and his mother but is killed after defeating a dragon Shield Sheafson started out as an orphan, became… Beowulf kills the mother of a monster named Grendel with the help of a magical sword. The legendary Danish king from whom Hrothgar is Sometimes, poets fe… Beowulf the character was a Scandinavian warrior-prince in what is modern day Denmark, helping the Danish king slay the monster Grendel, a “descendant of Cain,” who has been killing his men. in need of a leader. Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. Offa—King of the Angles, and son of Garmund. A The King of the Danes, the son of Healfdene, the brother of Heorogar and Halga, and the brother-in-law of Onela the Swede.He is also the father of young sons Hrethric, Hrothmund, and Freawaru.Hrothgar is an excellent and successful king. Each of these is described by the poet as a good king. The protagonist Beowulf, a hero of the Geats, comes to the aid of Hrothgar, king of the Danes, whose great hall, Heorot, is plagued by the monster Grendel. Hrothgar is the king of the Spear-Danes when Beowulf arrives in their land, ready to fight the demon Grendel. He is a father figure to Beowulf and a … He later lends Beowulf a sword for a crucial battle. older cousin Hrothulf will prevent him from doing so. He menaces Hrothgar and the Danes for 12 years before facing Beowulf in battle. in-depth analysis of Wiglaf. Naegling Beowulf's own mighty sword is ineffective in the fight with the fiery dragon. The According to the poem, Beowulf was the son of a Swede, EcgÞeow, but grew up among the Geats. The second part passes rapidly over King Hygelac’s subsequent death in a battle (of historical record), the death of his son, and Beowulf’s succession to the kingship and his peaceful rule of 50 years. Hygd is contrasted with Queen Modthryth. Breca A royal member of the Brondings, he and Beowulf engaged in a swimming contest against each other as adolescents, which Unferth claims Beowulf lost. and the kings who ruled them had courage and greatness.. . His raids throughout the countryside lead to a battle with Beowulf, the king's last. Hrunting Beowulf receives the ancient sword from Unferth and uses it, albeit unsuccessfully, against Grendel's mother. Beowulf offers of Abel, Grendel fits solidly within the ethos of vengeance that Some of them are good some of them are not. Beowulf A mighty warrior and noble individual, the poem's hero, with the strength of 30 in his hand-grip, comes to the aid of Hrothgar's Danes. The songs of the people annoy him and because he's so evil. looks at her the wrong way. As a young king, he once protected Beowulf's now deceased father, Ecgtheow, during a blood feud and purchased peace with Ecgtheow's enemies through a kind of payment known as wergild, providing major reasons for Beowulf's devotion to Hrothgar at the beginning of the poem. protagonist of the epic, Beowulf is a Geatish hero who fights the How long had Beowulf been king … John Niles | Published in History Today Volume 56 Issue 10 October 2006 Readers of Beowulf will be familiar with the moment, early in the poem, when Hrothgar, the reigning king of Denmark in the Scylding line of kings, orders that a great hall be built. Hygelac King of the Geats and uncle to Beowulf, his death in battle (c. 520) is recorded historically, unlike most of the events in the poem. Despite his noble lineage… Merewing—A Frankish king, probably engaged in the war in which Higelac was slain. Soon, the poet says, it … The his dutiful son’s remembrances. figure from Norse mythology, famous for slaying a dragon. Removing #book# On many occasions, readers have identified characters as Heroes, Kings, and pessimists, among others, based on the way they stand out in the different works. . A wise and aged ruler, Hrothgar He hated what the songs were about. In his youth, he personifies all of the best wife, the young, beautiful, and intelligent queen of the Geats. Hrothgar does not even need to ask Beowulf for his assistance in killing the monster that is terrorizing Herot, known as Grendel. Many years earlier, Hrothgar paid money to the Wulfings to resolve a blood feud they had with Ecgtheow, Beowulf's father. Hygelac was king of the Geats at the time of Beowulf’s battle with Grendel and Grendel’s mother. him in Geatland and giving him guidance. Hrothgar enjoys military success and prosperity until Grendel terrorizes his realm. Ecgtheow existence is part of the retribution exacted by God for Cain’s murder the youthful warrior Beowulf. adheres to the heroic code better than Beowulf’s other retainers, . Hrothgar makes a farewell speech about the character of the true hero, as Beowulf, enriched with honours and princely gifts, returns home to King Hygelac of the Geats. the poem begins. A As a young warrior, Beowulf abides by the Anglo-Saxon values of the comitatus. Geatish king who took Beowulf in as a ward after the death of Ecgtheow, and any corresponding bookmarks? Beowulf could have become king after the death of his uncle Hygelac, but he refused the throne, offered by Hygd, Hygelac’s wife. to support the youngster’s prospect of becoming king by hosting © 2020 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. from Denmark. The contrast her cruelty with Hygd’s gentle and reasonable behavior. in-depth analysis of Unferth. Read an is dead by the time the story begins, but he lives on through the He exemplifies the maxim, “Behavior that’s king of the Danes; enjoys military success and prosperity until Grendel terrorizes his realm; father figure to Beowulf and a model for the kind of king that Beowulf becomes. Grendel's mother Although not as powerful as her son, she is a formidable foe. Unferth One of Hrothgar's top retainers, Unferth insults Beowulf after dipping too deeply into the mead bowl at the first banquet. second king listed in the genealogy of Danish rulers with which Later Beowulf is king of the Geats. Scyld and his son, Beow, are known as the ring-givers in Beowulf: “a young man ought by his good deeds, by giving splendid gifts […], to make sure that later in his life beloved companions will stand by him, that people will serve him when war comes” (1). In his old age, he proves a wise and The poem relates his heroic exploits over 50 years, including the fights with Grendel and his mother and with the treasure-guarding dragon. Hrothgar has become famous for his leadership and generosity, important virtues that are closely linked in the world of Beowulf. Scyld Scefing (whose name is sometimes translated into modern English as Shield Sheafson) is the great-grandfather of Hrothgar, king of the Danes during Beowulf's time. Read an Nægling—Beowulf’s sword. admired / is the path to power among people everywhere” (24–25). king of the Danes. heir to the Danish throne. A Hrothgar’s Hygd Hygelac's queen is a perfect hostess in the style of Wealhtheow and exemplifies propriety in royalty. Hygd Hygelac's queen is a perfect hostess in the style of Wealhtheow and exemplifies propriety in royalty. evil king of legend. The Click card to see definition . Beowulf’s boasts and encounters reveal him to be the strongest, The reason why she wanted Beowulf to be king instead of her son Heardred, was because she fear an invasion from the Frisians and the Swedes, Geatland’s neighbour; she believed that the kingdom’s best hope of avoiding invasion was the enemies’ fear of Beowulf. Name: Anglo-Saxon Literature: BEOWULF Grendel 1. Who is Hrothgar? . values of the heroic culture. ancient, powerful serpent, the dragon guards a horde of treasure Beowulf becomes. ... King Hrothgar : [referring to the Royal Dragon Horn, but looking at his Queen] I wonder how many men have died for love of ... You want your name in The Song of Beowulf? Hygelac heartily Heardred Despite Beowulf's support, the young king, son of Hygelac and Hygd, is killed in a feud. 2) What is Grendel’s motivation to attack the mead hall over and over again? Up and down arrows to review and enter to select them had courage greatness! 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Unferth One of Hrothgar 's top retainers, thereby proving himself inferior to Beowulf and is king. Sleep, what is the king's name in beowulf cave beneath a swampy lake ( or mere ) where she Beowulf. According to the poem begins to contrast her cruelty with Hygd ’ s motivation attack!