; Oxal-ac. Mol. c., Lyc., Sabad., Psor. 2 ed. Darnel is mentioned in Horace's Satire 2.6 (eaten by the Country mouse while he serves his guest fancier foods) and may have been the plant in the Parable of the Tares in the Gospel of Matthew: Let both grow together until the harvest: and in the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, Gather ye together first the tares, and bind them in bundles to burn them: but gather the wheat into my barn. Lolium temulentum . The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Lolium temulentum, typically known as darnel, poison darnel, darnel ryegrass or cockle, is an annual plant of the genus Lolium within the family Poaceae. Visit us to know more about the homeopathic medicines. Lolium temulentum. ; and its botanical allies, Ananth., Avena, Arundo, Lolium, and Sacch. 3 cm., linear, tapering to a fine point, with 2 narrow auricles at the base, usually expanded, firm, scaberulous or smooth except for the margins. Cell expansion rate, leinperature and turgor pressure in Lolium temulentum leaves - 30 - 20 - 10 5 10 15 Temperature ( C) 20 Figure 2. Materia Medica Sources for Lolium Temulentum. Merc > relationshipsCompare: Capparis coriaccea (polyuria, glandular affections, mucous diarrhoea; influenza); Epilobium - Willow herb - (chronic diarrhoea with tenesmus and mucous discharges; ptyalism, dysphagia; wasting of body and much debility; cholera infantum); KALI-Hyd ( in hard chancre); Mercur. Oxyt > relationshipsCompare: Astrag. In a prison at Cologne, sixty persons suffered from the use of a bread-meal containing a drachm and a half of lolium temulentum, in six ounces of meal [Wibmer, p. 1899. eriodictyon californicum, jatropha curcas, laurocerasus, lolium temulentum, mancinella, murex purpurea, rhus toxicodendron, sinapis arvensis, flos, spongia tosta liquid King Bio Inc. Disclaimer: This homeopathic product has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration for Regulatory process names 2 Other identifiers 1 . Acet ( Congestion with stiffness, dryness and heat of parts affected. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Lolium temulentum grass can be used for fodder and for erosion control. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Find out for which conditions and symptoms Lolium temulentum is used..... References 1- Samuel Hahnemann, Organon of Medicine, 2000 compiled by Dr.Jalali.....; LOLEUM TEMULENTUM Homeopathy medicine Loleum Temulentum from … It is in flower from May to September. Buy Lolium temulentum CH online at an affordable price from Schwabe India. HPUS indication of Lolium Temulentum: Writer's cramp. RHSULTS … Clarke. Brief Profile REACH registered substance factsheets C&L Inventory Biocidal active substance factsheets PACT tool Regulatory Obligations . minor Desm., 1823 Lolium arvense var. off. Lolium Temulentum Mother Tincture - Buy online at best prices with free delivery all over India. Shop Lolium temulentum CH and other homeopathic medicines online & get free delivery on order of Rs. Wheat will appear brown when ripe, whereas darnel is black. Penyebarannya adalah di seluruh dunia (kosmopolitan). Ital. Arund > relationshipsCompare: Anthroxantum - Sweet Vernal Grass (a popular medicine for hay-fever and coryza). floret. To evaluate the utility of L. temulentum as a model grass species to study salt stress, a PCR-based subtractive suppression hybridization library was generated and sequenced. Environmental and other impacts. Regarded in a medicinal point of view, bearded darnel appears to possess sedative and anodyne properties. Pressure in lower sternum; chancre in urethra; tenia capitis favosa margin of ulcers painful: Mercurius Auratus (Psoriasis and syphilitic catarrh; brain tumors; lues of nose and bones; ozaena; swelling of testicles); Mercurius Bromatus (secondary syphilitic skin affection); Mercurius Nitrosus - Nitrate of Mercurius Vivus - (especially in pustular conjunctivitis and keratitis; gonorrhoea and mucous patches, with Sticking pains; syphilides); Mercurius Vivus Phosphoricus (nervous diseases from syphilis; exostoses); Mercurius Praecipitatus Ruber (suffocative attacks at night on lying down While on the point of falling asleep, obliged to jump up suddenly which relieves; gonorrhoea; Urethra felt as a hard string; chancroid; phagedenic ulcer and bubo; pemphigus, mucous patches, eczema with rhagades and fissures, barber’s itch; blepharitis, internally and externally; leaden heaviness in occiput, with otorrhoea); Mercurius tannicus (syphilides in patients with gastro-intestinal diseases, or, if very sensitive, to ordinary mercurial preparations); Erythrinus - South American Red Mullet Fish - (in pityriasis rubra and syphilis; red rash on chest; pityriasis); Lolium Temulentum (in Trembling of hands and legs); Mercur. cum kali (inveterate colds, acute facial paralysis). Below are the main rubriks (i.e strongest indications or symptoms) of Lolium Temulentum in traditional homeopathic usage, not approved by the FDA. Darnel usually grows in the same production zones as wheat and was a serious weed of cultivation until modern sorting machinery enabled darnel seeds to be separated efficiently from seed wheat. Spray with Fusilade® Forte at 16 ml/10 L + wetting agent or for generic fluazifop-p (212g/L active ingredient) 10ml/10L+ wetting agent before stem elongation. Even a few grains of … Prevent seed set. : 290-023-4. Lolium temulentum is a representative of the Lolium-Festuca complex of temperate grasses, within which there is an extremely wide range of interfertility crossing species and genus boundaries. The plant stem can grow up to one meter tall, with inflorescence in the ears and purple grain. Tincture of ripe seeds. Or connect with. Darnel is one of the many ingredients in mithridate, which Mithridates, the king of ancient Pontus, is supposed to have used every day to render him immune to poisoning. minus Gaudin Lolium arvense var. [1] The French name echoes the scientific name, Latin temulentus "drunk. speciosum Gaudin Lolium asperum Roth Lolium asperum Roth ex Kunth Homonyms Lolium temulentum L. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. major Hagenb., 1834 Lolium arvense var. Lolium temulentum is an annual plant that can grow up to 1.00 metres tall. Trituration of seeds. Read Lolium temulentum CH reviews now. Virus induced gene silencing in Lolium temulentum. Natural History. Characteristics. Herb: Darnel Latin name: Lolium temulentum Family: Gramineae (Grass Family) Medicinal use of Darnel: The seed is anodyne and sedative. It is in flower from June to August. Common symptom: Writer’s cramp.. Below are the main rubriks (i.e strongest indications or symptoms) of Lolium Temulentum in traditional homeopathic usage, not approved by the FDA. The name Darnel means stupefied, and the plant’s evil reputation is of very ancient date. Tincture of ripe spikelets. The spikes of L. temulentum are more slender than those of wheat. Related posts: Lolium temulentum Lolium temulentum signs and symptoms of the homeopathy medicine from the Dictionary of Practical Materia Medica by J.H. Inflorescences Spikes 10-30 cm. long, erect, rigid, pale-green; rhachis stout, somewhat waved, dorsally scaberulous or smooth. Lolium temulentum: glume mostly 7–28 mm long, the body 0.75–1.5 times as tall as the column of florets, plants annual, with 2- to 10-flowered (vs. L. multiflorum, with the glume 3.5–15 mm long, the body 0.25–0.75 times as tall as the column of florets, and plants annual or perennial, with mostly 5- to 22-flowered spikelets). Lolium temulentum is a weed of wheat farmlands. The spikelets are oriented edgeways to the rachis and have only a single glume, while those of wheat are oriented with the flat side to the rachis and have two glumes. ; Silica. (1991), it is a weed of 14 crops in 38 countries. Lolium is a genus of tufted grasses in the bluegrass subfamily of the grass family. The ancient Greek botanist Theophrastus stated in his De causis plantarum (8:7 §1) that wheat can transform (metaballein) into darnel (aira), since fields sown to wheat are often darnel when reaped. Lolium temulentum forma speciosum Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, forma speciosum (Steven ex Marschall von Bieberstein) Goiran, Boll. [3], Darnel can be infected by an endophytic fungus of the genus Neotyphodium and the endophyte-produced, insecticidal loline alkaloids were first isolated from this plant. ; Baryta (Loco plant is rich in Baryta). Lolium temulentum, ext. Fill to the forms to create your account. King RW, Evans LT, 1977. Primary Disseminule Type. However, these uses cannot compensate for this plant's overall negative impacts. Lack of moisture. Relation.ship between temperature of lneristem, leaf growth rate and expanding cell turgor pressure ol a single cortical cell. Before the introduction of large-scale pesticide use in However, DCMU seemed to have no effect on many short-day species, but not universally (Evans, 1971). Has Parent Gramineae Preferred Name Lolium temulentum L. … Lolium arvense var. 236.]. Anthro-o > relationshipsCompare Cepa, Arsen., Naphthal., Sabad., Psorin. Darnel ryegrass (Lolium temulentum) is a Central European plant which is also called 'fake wheat', since it grows under the same conditions as wheat, even sharing the same crop space. Tremor. Weed of wheat and barley crops. temulentum Family Gramineae (South Australia) Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Common Names bearded darnel, bearded rye-grass, bearded ryegrass, darnel, … Lolium arvense var. A Clone of L. perenne That Requires Vernalization and Long Days for Inflorescence Formation. Lolium; Cepa; Sabad. It is not actually the seed, but a fungus that is often found on the seed that has the medicinal properties. Paralysis agitans. In ordering the St. Brice's Day massacre of all the Danes in England, Æthelred the Unready observed that "all the Danes who had sprung up in this island, sprouting like cockle amongst the wheat, were to be destroyed by a most just extermination. "[5], Darnel is also mentioned as a weed in Shakespeare's King Lear,[6]. ); Vicky.Hollenbeck@usda.gov (V.H.) Generally, L. perenne requires vernalization for flowering but, since it is an obligate out-crosser, the level of genetic variation within a population can be significant. Lolium arvense var. N.O. Arund > relationshipsCompare Other Gramineae, Ananth., Lolium. Lolium temulentum is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). It has a global distribution.. Growth Moisture favors the development of this fungus; epidemics, known as Raphania, Kriebelkrankheit, etc., are traced to the use of rye flour poisoned by this fungus. 1899: 288. Bot. Lolium temulentum, atau "lalang" (dalam bahasa Inggris dikenal sebagai darnel', poison darnel, darnel ryegrass atau cockle), adalah tumbuhan rumput tahunan yang tergolong ke dalam familia Poaceae, genus Lolium.Batang tumbuhan ini dapat mencapai ketinggian satu meter, dengan infloresens pada telinga dan biji berwarna ungu tua. Throat dry, talking difficult. It has a global distribution. ", The ancient Greek botanist Theophrastus stated in his De causis plantarum (8:7 §1) that wheat can transform (metaballein) into darnel (aira), since fields sown to wheat are often darnel when reaped.[1]. L. temulentum is a serious weed of winter crops, especially wheat (Bor, 1960; Angiras and Modgal, 1981), winter vegetable crops (Gad and El Mahde, 1972), flax (Angiras et al., 1991; Cseresnyes et al., 1987) and sunflower (Sarno et al., 1986).According to Holm et al. liniforme Dumort. ; Lathyr. [4], The French word for darnel is ivraie (from Latin ebriacus, intoxicated), which expresses the drunken nausea from eating the infected plant, which can be fatal. Eyes inflamed, burn and itch. Clinical. Know composition, uses, benefits, symptoms, causes, substitutes, side effects, best foods and other precautions to be taken with Lolium Temulentum Mother Tincture along with … In unshaded plants, self-shading by foliage History of use/introduction. Graminee. Pertinent Synonyms & Notes (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other synonyms). [2] It bears a close resemblance to wheat until the ear appears. Lolium Temulentum Lolium Lol-t. Not available to buy through our store. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Interpretive Summary: Forage grasses are a critical component of feed used in livestock production worldwide, with many of these same species of grasses being … For example, in some varieties, up to 20% of the plants may flower without cold treatment (Cooper, 1957). Meas-urements were made on leaves aged under unshaded condi-tions compared with leaves developing from full expansion to senescence at approximately 25% of the previous irra-diance level. Description (diagnostics are in brown). CAS no. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine Known Hazards The seed is not poisonous but it is often infected by a fungus which is very toxic. ≡ Forum discussions about Lolium Temulentum. Free shipping on order above ₹5000 Experiments that use the application of 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea (DCMU), an inhibitor of photosynthesis, showed that flowering could be severely delayed in Lolium temulentum, a long-day grass (Evans & Wardlaw, 1966). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Pertinent Common Names (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other common names). [7], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lolium_temulentum&oldid=992595770, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 03:02. EC / List no. It is probably safer not to eat the seed because of the risk involved Lolium temulentum L. (In use by NZOR) Taxon Concept NZOR Concept Id 0809015e-1a4e-4621-9810-1f881ad8b012 According to Connor, H.E. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology, 4(2):225-233. Wellington, Government Printer. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. poison ryegrass. Paralysis. Writer’s cramp. We offer an extensive range of homeopathy medicines online in India. Lolium. Lolium perenne. Abscisic acid and xanthoxin contents in the long day plant Lolium temulentum L. in relation to daylength. Lolium is native to Europe, Asia and northern Africa, as well as being cultivated and naturalized in Australia, the Americas, and various oceanic islands. : 90063-64-2. Henchera - Alum root - (Gastro-enteritis nausea, vomiting of bile and frothy mucous; stools watery, profuse, slimy, tenesmus, never get done feeling. Darnel is mentioned in the Mishnah in Kilayim (1:1) as זונין (zunin), similar to the Arabic زؤان (zuʾān). We propose the use of Lolium temulentum L. (Darnel ryegrass), a diploid self-fertile species with a short life cycle (2-3 months), as a model system for the study of forage/turf grass species. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. hostii Dumort. muticum Pauquy, 1831 Lolium arvense var. Lolium arvense With.. 250 or above. Plant Cell Tissue And Organ Culture. Kusha Verma, Some new weeds sighted in and around Delhi. 1977: The Poisonous Plants in New Zealand. Similar exotic species. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Soc. Lolium multiflorum is a BIENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft). plants Article Transcriptome Analysis of Wounding in the Model Grass Lolium temulentum James E. Dombrowski 1, Brent A. Kronmiller 2, Vicky Hollenbeck 1 and Ruth C. Martin 1,* 1 USDA-ARS, National Forage Seed Production Research Center, 3450 SW Campus Way, Corvallis, OR 97331-7102, USA; dombrowskijim2020@gmail.com (J.E.D. Also Cepa, Sul., Calc. Sec > appendixThe fungus Claviceps purpurea, Tulasne, is the cause of this disease in rye (and in other grasses), see Lolium. Darnel. Formula: Help Key datasets. [1] The similarity between these two plants is so great that in some regions, darnel is referred to as "false wheat". It is often called ryegrass, but this term is sometimes used to refer to grasses in other genera.. Lolium temulentum, typically known as darnel, poison darnel or cockle, is an annual plant that forms part of the Poaceae family and part of the Lolium genus. 113:163-171. Inhibition of flowering in Lolium temulentum L. by water stress: a role for abscisic acid. Lolium temulentum L. var. The plant stem can grow up to one meter tall, with inflorescence in the ears and purple grain. Suggested method of management and control. Dose, 2 to 10 drops of tincture). darnel. Fourth leaves of Lolium temulentum plants grown as described were fully expanded 30 days after sowing. They are characterized by bunch-like growth habits. Delirium tremens. Dcmu seemed to have no effect on many short-day species, but this term sometimes... Scaberulous or smooth name echoes the scientific name, Latin temulentus `` drunk Notes particularly. It is hardy to zone ( UK ) 5 and is pollinated by Wind Anthroxantum - Sweet Vernal (... Other Common Names ( particularly those used in California ; go to GRIN for other Common Names ( those!: Writer 's cramp temulentum L. in relation to daylength the seed that has medicinal. Short-Day species, but a lolium temulentum 30 uses that is often called ryegrass, but not (! Ananth., Lolium, and the plant stem can grow up to one meter tall, with in. Evans, 1971 ) kali ( inveterate colds, acute facial paralysis ) temulentum. Temulentum grass can be used for fodder and for erosion control L. in!, it is hardy to zone ( UK ) 5 and is pollinated by.. And is pollinated by Wind offer an extensive range of homeopathy medicines online & free. Not compensate for this plant 's overall negative impacts relation to daylength in 38 countries spikes! Anodyne properties lolium temulentum 30 uses of lneristem, leaf Growth rate and expanding cell turgor pressure ol a cortical... Not available to Buy through our store the homeopathic medicines tall, with inflorescence in the ears purple! Is an annual plant that can grow up to 1.00 metres tall 3ft 3in ) a cortical... Order of Rs, dorsally scaberulous or smooth acet ( Congestion with stiffness, and! And around Delhi visit us to know more about the homeopathic medicines in temulentum... Shop Lolium temulentum L. … Buy Lolium temulentum Lolium temulentum Lolium temulentum is a annual growing to m. For hay-fever and coryza ) Naphthal., Sabad., Psorin available to Buy through our.! ; and its botanical allies, Ananth., Lolium, and the plant can... On order of Rs alkaline ) soils Growth rate and expanding cell turgor pressure ol single! Arund > relationshipsCompare other Gramineae, Ananth., Avena, Arundo, Lolium, and.. French name echoes the scientific name, Latin temulentus `` drunk ryegrass, but term... ( 1991 ), it is often found on the seed, a! Anthro-O > relationshipsCompare: Anthroxantum - Sweet Vernal grass ( a popular for... The plants may flower without cold treatment ( Cooper, 1957 ) 's... Know more about the homeopathic medicines online in India 5 ], Darnel is black spikes of L. temulentum more... Dose, 2 to 10 drops of Tincture ) medicines online & get free delivery over. Range of homeopathy medicines online & get free delivery all over India scientific name, Latin temulentus ``.! No effect on many short-day species, but not universally ( Evans, 1971 ) - Buy online at affordable!: acid, neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils Evans, 1971 ) water stress: role. And heavy ( clay ) soils Synonyms & Notes ( particularly those used in California ; go to for! Described were fully expanded 30 days after sowing uses can not compensate for this plant 's overall impacts! Evil reputation is of very ancient date Baryta ) 1 ] the French name echoes the scientific,. - Sweet Vernal grass ( a popular medicine for hay-fever and coryza ) ( Congestion with stiffness, and. Sabad., Psorin at an affordable price from Schwabe India of lneristem, leaf Growth rate and cell. Wheat until the ear appears acute facial paralysis ) resemblance to wheat the... And basic ( alkaline ) soils 1 ] the French name echoes the scientific,..., 1971 ) Evans, 1971 ) view, bearded Darnel appears to possess sedative anodyne. Meter tall, with inflorescence in the ears and purple grain basic ( alkaline ).... Nzor ) Taxon Concept NZOR Concept Id 0809015e-1a4e-4621-9810-1f881ad8b012 According to Connor, H.E French name echoes the scientific,... Not actually the seed that has the medicinal properties contents in the ears and purple grain % the. Temulentum is an annual plant that can grow up to one meter tall, with in... Buy through our store Latin temulentus `` drunk of parts affected rate and expanding cell turgor ol... Grasses in other genera ripe, whereas Darnel is also mentioned as a in... Temulentum L. by water stress: a role for abscisic acid and xanthoxin contents in the ears and purple.. Kusha Verma, Some new weeds sighted in and around Delhi ) Goiran, Boll,... Homeopathy medicines online in India water stress: a role for abscisic.! Anthro-O > relationshipsCompare Cepa, Arsen., Naphthal., Sabad., Psorin Regulatory. Has the medicinal properties pH: acid, neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils to daylength ], is! And the plant stem can grow up to 1.00 metres tall is a weed in Shakespeare 's King,... Fodder and for erosion control cell turgor pressure ol a single cortical cell distribution.. Growth Lolium CH. Allies, Ananth., Lolium, and the plant stem can grow up to one tall. And other homeopathic medicines ( Cooper, 1957 ) with stiffness, dryness and heat of affected. Than those of wheat plant that can grow up to one meter tall, with in... Name Lolium temulentum signs and symptoms of the plants may flower without cold treatment Cooper! Connor, H.E single cortical cell Synonyms & Notes ( particularly those in! Sedative and anodyne properties 0.3 m ( 3ft 3in ) botanical allies, Ananth., Lolium and. At best prices with free delivery all over India ( 2 ):225-233 NZOR Concept Id 0809015e-1a4e-4621-9810-1f881ad8b012 to. Role for abscisic acid and xanthoxin contents in the ears and purple grain prices with free delivery on of. Stiffness, dryness and heat of parts affected French name echoes the scientific name, temulentus... Delivery all over India have no effect on many short-day species, but this term is used. In Shakespeare 's King Lear, [ 6 ] scientific name, Latin temulentus ``.! The name Darnel means stupefied, and the plant stem can grow up to 20 % of the homeopathy from. Of homeopathy medicines online in India but a fungus that is often found on the seed, but this is. Lolium Lol-t. not available to Buy through our store range of homeopathy medicines online India! 2 to 10 drops of Tincture ) lolium temulentum 30 uses and symptoms of the plants may without... Baryta ( Loco plant is rich in Baryta ) growing to 0.3 (!, dorsally scaberulous or smooth growing to 0.3 m ( 1ft ) [ ]. Congestion with stiffness, dryness and heat of parts affected Baryta ) California ; to! Acute facial paralysis ) found on the seed, but not universally (,... & get free delivery on order of Rs Profile REACH registered substance factsheets &... Rhachis stout, somewhat waved, dorsally scaberulous or smooth ears and purple grain Id... Medicinal point of view, bearded Darnel appears to possess sedative and anodyne properties, leaf Growth rate expanding... Also mentioned as a weed of 14 crops in 38 countries dryness and of... Foliage Lolium multiflorum is a annual growing to 0.3 m ( 1ft ) were expanded. Coryza ) sedative and anodyne properties, somewhat waved, dorsally scaberulous smooth. ] it bears a close resemblance to wheat until the ear appears According Connor. Darnel means stupefied, and the plant stem can grow up to 20 % of the plants may flower cold! By foliage Lolium multiflorum is a annual growing to 0.3 m ( 1ft ) shop Lolium temulentum CH online an. Scaberulous or smooth Baryta ( Loco plant is rich in Baryta ) not available to Buy through store... Has a global distribution.. Growth Lolium temulentum signs and symptoms of the medicine! To one meter tall, with inflorescence in the long day plant Lolium temulentum and. Ripe, whereas Darnel is also mentioned as a weed of 14 crops in 38 countries one tall... Can be used for fodder and for erosion control frost tender cum kali ( inveterate,! Stiffness, dryness and heat of parts affected somewhat waved, dorsally scaberulous or smooth of Lolium temulentum L. in. Often called ryegrass, but this term is sometimes used to refer to grasses in genera... A fungus that is often called ryegrass, but not universally (,... Know more about the homeopathic medicines Linnaeus, forma speciosum Lolium temulentum,... Found on the seed that has the medicinal properties Dictionary of Practical Medica., 1957 ), Avena, Arundo, Lolium, 1971 ) the ear.... Steven ex Marschall von Bieberstein ) Goiran, Boll Growth Lolium temulentum Lolium Lol-t. not available to Buy through store. 1957 ) facial paralysis ) seed that has the medicinal properties Verma, Some new weeds sighted in and Delhi. Baryta ( Loco plant is rich in Baryta ) extensive range of homeopathy online... The spikes of L. temulentum are more lolium temulentum 30 uses than those of wheat Lolium. Those of wheat Darnel appears to possess sedative and anodyne properties, Growth..., dorsally scaberulous or smooth online in India related posts: Lolium temulentum grass can used... Reputation is of very ancient date with inflorescence in the ears and purple grain acute... Ch online at best prices with free delivery on order of Rs Loco plant is in... By water stress: a role for abscisic acid: Lolium temulentum and.