Crimea became part of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic in 1921 as the Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, which became part of the Soviet Union in 1922.  The Crimean coast is shielded from cold air masses coming from the north and, as a result, has milder winters. In the Autonomous Republic of Crimea were formed: • census departments: 236 • instructor districts: 1631 • registration districts: 6525 Not including the census departments, instructor and registration districts of hospital, sanatoria, hotels, etc. Until 2014, the Republic of Crimea was part of Ukraine. Crimea's infrastructure and manufacturing also developed, particularly around the sea ports at Kerch and Sevastopol and in the oblast's landlocked capital, Simferopol.  The Crimean mountains greatly influence the amount of precipitation present in the peninsula. At the head of Sevastopol Bay stands Inkermann/Kalamita. , Following Russia's largely unrecognized annexation of Crimea, the European Union, the United States, Canada, Australia, Japan, and several other countries (including Ukraine) imposed economic sanctions against Russia, including some specifically targeting Crimea. Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. pop. Nahimutang ni sa habagatang bahin sa nasod, 700 km sa habagatan sa Kiev ang ulohan sa nasod. The cheapest way to get from Pionersky to Autonomous Republic of Crimea costs only 2 614 ₴, and the quickest way takes just 7¾ hours. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea according to the data of the All-Ukrainian census of the population, accounted for 2033,7 thousand persons.. Given autonomous republic status within Russia after the Bolshevik revolution, Crimea was occupied by the Nazis in the early 1940s. There are 11 big cities and 44 small towns in Autonomous Republic of Crimea. 2,363,000), c.10,000 sq mi (25,900 sq km), SE Europe, linked with the mainland by the Perekop Isthmus.  Because of its climate and subsidized travel-packages from Russian state-run companies, the southern Crimean coast has remained a popular resort for Russian tourists. What are synonyms for Autonomous Republic of Crimea? Populations of Ukrainians and Russians alike doubled, with more than 1.6 million Russians and 626,000 Ukrainians living on the peninsula by 1989. United Russia is also the leading party in the Legislative Assembly of Sevastopol having won 22 of the 24 seats at the last election. Despite calls from local Crimean Tatars for a boycott of the elections, turnout was over 53% which compared well with elections in other regions of Russia. Just south of Kerch the new Crimean Bridge (opened in 2018) connects Crimea to the Taman Peninsula. Mapped position of 35Н-022, Autonomous Republic of Crimea, South Federal District, Russia (N 45° 18' 40.5144", E 33° 20' 24.486"). Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. See also categories: Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic and Republic of Crimea. Crimea in the Soviet Union and independent Ukraine, CRW Flags - Flag of Crimea Autonomous Republic, Ukraine, Crimea - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up).  The Verkhovna Rada, the parliament of Crimea, voted to grant Crimea "extensive home rule" during the dispute. English: Location map of the disputed Autonomous Republic of Crimea (Ukraine)/Republic of Crimea/Russia Conformal projection, standard parallels — 45°15's.W. “Situation of human rights in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol (Ukraine)” for a dedicated thematic report of OHCHR on the “situation of human rights in the temporarily occupied Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol”.  The number of tourist arrivals reached a record in 2012 at 6.1 million. Antonyms for Autonomous Republic of Crimea.   These mountains are backed by secondary parallel ranges. Some clubs registered to join the Russian leagues but the Football Federation of Ukraine objected. Jews in Crimea were historically Krymchaks and Karaites (the latter a small group centered at Yevpatoria).  According to the Russian administration of Crimea, they dropped to 3.8 million in 2014, and rebounded to 5.6 million by 2016.  In the central and mountainous areas the climate is transitional between the continental climate to the north and the Mediterranean climate to the south. The report covers the period from 22 February 2014 to 12 September 2017. He also created battle paintings during the Crimean War. Artek is a former Young Pioneer camp on the Black Sea in the town of Hurzuf, near Ayu-Dag, established in 1925.  Winds from the northwest bring warm and wet air from the Atlantic Ocean, causing precipitation during spring and summer. Eine nach modernen Kategorien indigene Bevölkerung gibt es heute nicht mehr. Some sources hold that the name of the capital was extended to the entire peninsula at some point during Ottoman suzerainty. A total of more than 230,000 people – about a fifth of the total population of the Crimean Peninsula at that time – were deported, mainly to Uzbekistan. 11.4% Since last week. , In January 1991, a referendum was held in the Crimean Oblast, and voters approved restoring the Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. Since becoming the 84th and 85th Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation in 2014, both have strongly supported United Russia in both local and national elections. Koordinaten: 45 ° 18'N 34 ° 24'E / 45,3 ° 34,4 ° E N / Autonome Republik Krim . The length of line is about 90 km and passengers are assigned a seat. , According to the 2001 census, 77% of Crimean inhabitants named Russian as their native language; 11.4% – Crimean Tatar; and 10.1% – Ukrainian.  The Russian national payment card system now allows Visa and MasterCard cards issued by Russian banks to work in Crimea. The most important Greek city was Chersonesos at the edge of today's Sevastopol.  The nobility of the Nogay subgroup gained much of their revenue and political power from the slave trade. The development of the transport networks brought masses of tourists from central parts of the Russian Empire. During its heyday, 27,000 children a year vacationed at Artek. Visa and MasterCard temporarily stopped service in Crimea in December 2014. Crimea was part of Russia until Nikita Khruschev gave it to Ukraine in 1954. The Autonomous Republic of Crimea (Ukrainian: Автономна Республіка Крим, Avtonomna Respublika Krym; Russian: Автономная Республика Крым, Avtonomnaya Respublika Krym; Crimean Tatar: Qırım Muhtar Cumhuriyeti) is, de jure, an autonomous republic of Ukraine encompassing most of Crimea that was annexed by the Russian Federation in 2014. The peninsula is connected on the northwest to the mainland by the Perekop Isthmus, a 5-mile- (8-km-) wide strip of land that has been the site of numerous battles for the control of Crimea.  The road bridge opened in May 2018, and the rail bridge opened in December 2019. On the lower mountain slopes of the south are many vineyards. The 1897 Russian Empire Census for the Taurida Governorate reported: 196,854 (13.06%) Crimean Tatars, 404,463 (27.94%) Russians and 611,121 (42.21%) Ukrainians. The southern coast, sheltered by the mountains from cold northern air, has a mild Mediterranean climate. North of the peninsula the Dnieper turns westward and enters the Black Sea through the east–west Dnieper-Bug Estuary which also receives the Bug River. The Crimean Astrophysical Observatory, located in Nauchny, is one of the largest astronomical research facilities in eastern Europe. Its southern fringe was colonised by the Greeks, the Persians, the Romans, the Byzantine Empire, the Crimean Goths, the Genoese and the Ottoman Empire, while at the same time its interior was occupied by a changing cast of invading steppe nomads and empires, such as the Cimmerians, Scythians, Sarmatians, Goths, Alans, Bulgars, Huns, Khazars, Kipchaks, Mongols and the Golden Horde. Crimea is located south of the Ukrainian region of Kherson, to which it is connected by the Isthmus of Perekop, and west of the Ru… The eastern tip of the Crimean peninsula comprises the Kerch Peninsula, separated from Taman Peninsula on the Russian mainland by the Kerch Strait, which connects the Black Sea with the Sea of Azov, at a width of between 3–13 kilometres (1.9–8.1 mi). The Autonomous Republic of Crimea had 25 administrative areas: 14 raions and 11 mis'kradas and mistos (city municipalities), officially known as territories governed by city councils. The 1879 census for the Taurida Governorate reported a Jewish population of 4.20%, not including a Karaite population of 0.43%. Under Russian rule it became a kind of riviera. New sources of water are trying to be developed, with huge difficulties, to replace closed Ukrainian sources. Livestock production includes cattle breeding, poultry keeping, and sheep breeding. After the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, doubts have been expressed – from the Russian side by all means, but even by Western historians (Richard Sakwa, "Frontline Ukraine. Crimea was governed as an Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic from the end of the Russian Civil War until 1945, when it lost its autonomous status, and was made an Oblast, essentially a region of Soviet Russia. On the south side is the large Donuzlav Bay and the port and ancient Greek settlement of Eupatoria/Yevpatoria/Kerkinitis/Gozleve. Omissions? , In the 1990s, Crimea became more of a get-away destination than a "health-improvement" destination. and Ukr. November 5 – December 4, 2009. International Republican Institute. . The 1997 Partition Treaty on the Status and Conditions of the Black Sea Fleet partitioned the former Soviet Black Sea Fleet and allowed Russia to continue basing its fleet in Crimea: both the Ukrainian Naval Forces and Russian's Black Sea Fleet were to be headquartered in Sevastopol. Роздольне, Autonomous Republic of Crimea Ukraine As of Tue, Oct 13, 2020, 8:06 PM EDT. Given autonomous republic status within Russia after the Bolshevik revolution, Crimea was occupied by the Nazis in the early 1940s. It is claimed by Ukraine and recognized as Ukrainian by most other countries, although it has been administered by Russia following its annexation to the country in 2014. Many translated example sentences containing "autonomous Republic of Crimea" – Chinese-English dictionary and search engine for Chinese translations. Uchan-su, on the south slope of the mountains, is the highest waterfall in Crimea. Rivers: The longest is the Salhir River which rises southeast of Simferopol and flows north and northeast to the Sea of Azov. Autonomous Republic of Crimea may sa mosunod nga mga subdibisyon: Slavs were sold to Byzantium and other places in Anatolia and the Middle-East during this period. , As of 2014[update], the total population of the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol was 2,248,400 people (Republic of Crimea: 1,889,485, Sevastopol: 395,000). Autonomous Republic of Crimea synonyms, Autonomous Republic of Crimea pronunciation, Autonomous Republic of Crimea translation, English dictionary definition of Autonomous Republic of Crimea. The Crimean Khanate, a vassal state of the Ottoman Empire, succeeded the Golden Horde and lasted from 1449 to 1783. Tobacco is important, as are flowers for perfume. Simferopol/Ak-Mechet, the modern capital. On Mar… The origin of the word Qırım is uncertain. Following the Russian Revolution of 1917, Crimea became an autonomous republic within the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic in the USSR. Hourly. The mud volcanoes and mineral springs that dot the landscape have given rise to a spa industry that draws both domestic and international tourists. , The Black Sea ports of Crimea provide quick access to the Eastern Mediterranean, Balkans and Middle East. The peninsula is bounded on the S and W by the Black Sea. Deaths 5,122.  Other products produced on the Crimean Peninsula include salt, porphyry, limestone, and ironstone (found around Kerch) since ancient times. Also gas thermal Saki plant close to Jodobrom chemical plant and SaKhZ(SaChP) boosted production with Perm GTE GTU25P (PS90GP25 25 MW aeroderivative GP) PGU turbogenerators. The cities of Yalta, Feodosia, Kerch, Sevastopol, Chornomorske and Yevpatoria are connected to one another by sea routes. , According to the International Transport Workers' Federation, as of 2013[update] there were at least 12 operating merchant seaports in Crimea. , There are 257 rivers and major streams on the Crimean peninsula; they are primarily fed by rainwater, with snowmelt playing a very minor role. Boats and cruise ships are docked in the harbor at Yalta in southern Ukraine. The total number of the actual population. Russia withdrew its forces from southern Kherson in December 2014 Since Russian control over Crimea was established in 2014, the peninsula has been administered as part of the Russian Federation except for the northern areas of the Arabat Spit and the Syvash which are still controlled by Ukraine.  For every 100 m (330 ft) increase in altitude, temperatures decrease by 0.65 °C (1.17 °F) while precipitation increases. Crimean Peninsula (Unsplash).jpg 4.272 × 2.848; 3,41 MB With them, control of the peninsula changed in 1238, as all but the Perateia of Crimea was incorporated into the territory of the Golden Horde throughout the 14th century CE. Synonyms for Autonomous Republic of Crimea in Free Thesaurus. A year later, Grand Prince Vladimir of Kiev accepted the hand of Emperor Basil II's sister Anna in marriage, and was baptized by the local Byzantine priest at Chersonesus, thus marking the entry of Russia into the Christian world.. At the moment, the territory of the Crimea is the object of territorial disagreements between Russia and Ukraine. It is claimed by Ukraine and recognized as Ukrainian by most other countries, although it has been administered by Russia following its annexation to the country in 2014. Nearby: East of the Kerch Strait the Ancient Greeks founded colonies at Phanagoria (at the head of Taman Bay), Hermonassa (later Tmutarakan and Taman), Gorgippia (later a Turkish port and now Anapa). On 25 June 1946, it was downgraded to the Crimean Oblast, and the Crimean Tatars were deported for alleged collaboration with the Nazi forces. , Mean annual temperatures range from 10 °C (50.0 °F) in the far north (Armiansk) to 13 °C (55.4 °F) in the far south (Yalta). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The peninsula, then under the control of the Bosporan Kingdom, later became a client kingdom of the Roman Empire in 63 BCE. Autonomous Republic of Crimea listed as ARC Looking for abbreviations of ARC? The report covers the period from 22 February 2014 to 12 September 2017. Contemporaneously, and possibly because of the migration, the region came within the sphere of Greek maritime interest and became the site of Greek colonies. When resistance was crushed, many of the anti-Communist fighters and civilians escaped by ship to Istanbul. Adunay 1,958,114 ka molupyo. The first of these, consisting of the northern and central part of Crimea (which constitutes about three-fourths of the peninsula), is made up of a level plain that slopes down gently from south to north. Autonomous Republic of Crimea.A year later, the 1992 Crimean constitution, along with the presidency and regional citizenship, was declared null and void by the Ukrainian Parliament, which by that time, had renamed the autonomy from "Republic of Crimea" to Autonomous Republic of Crimea. Much of the natural border between the Crimean Peninsula and the Ukrainian mainland comprises the Sivash or "Rotten Sea", a large system of shallow lagoons stretching along the western shore of the Sea of Azov. Video. : 2018-2019) (2001) 2,033,736; (2013 est.) The northern part of Arabat Spit is administratively part of Henichesk Raion in Kherson Oblast, including its two rural communities of Shchaslyvtseve and Strilkove. Important industrial cities include Dzhankoi, housing a major railway connection, Krasnoperekopsk and Armiansk, among others.  Maritime influences from the Black Sea are restricted to coastal areas; in the interior of the peninsula the maritime influence is weak and does not play an important role. Also important are the Kokozka (Kökköz or Коккозка), the Indole (Indol or Индо́л), the Chorna (Çorğun, Chernaya or Чёрная), the Derekoika (Dereköy or Дерекойка), the Karasu-Bashi (Biyuk-Karasu or Биюк-Карасу) (tributary of Salhir river), the Burulcha (Бурульча) (tributary of Salhir river), the Uchan-su, and the Ulu-Uzen'. По этим показателям Автономной Республики Крым занимает З - 4 места среди 27 регионов Украины. The National Congress of Paraguay has adopted a declaration condemning Russia's occupation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Ukraine's Embassy in Argentina has told Ukrinform. Ukraine extended Russia's lease of the naval facilities under the 2010 Kharkiv Pact in exchange for further discounted natural gas. Given autonomous republic status within Russia after the Bolshevik revolution, Crimea was occupied by the Nazis in the early 1940s. Almost every settlement in Crimea is connected with another settlement by bus lines. Januar 2014).  Cool-season temperatures average around 7 °C (44.6 °F) and it is rare for the weather to drop below freezing except in the mountains, where there is usually snow.  However, there are no major international banks in the Crimea.. Following the Russian Revolution of 1917, the military and political situation in Crimea was chaotic like that in much of Russia.  The 2001 Ukrainian census reports just 2,500 ethnic Germans (0.1% of population) in Crimea. The Autonomous Republic of Crimea came third or fourth among the country's 27 regions for these indicators. Ruins of Panticapaeum, former city of the Kingdom of the Bosporus, now located in Kerch, Ukraine. The classical name Tauris or Taurica is from the Greek Ταυρική (Taurikḗ), after the peninsula's Scytho-Cimmerian inhabitants, the Tauri.  As a result, the climate favors recreation and tourism. Further east still is Theodosia/Kaffa/Feodosia, once a great slave-mart and a kind of capital for the Genoese and Turks. The second law, "On the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea," stated that all the 100 deputies are elected on the basis of universal, equal, and direct suffrage (without any mention of the national electoral districts, or quotas for either the Crimean Tatars, or other formerly deported groups, or national minorities).  Putin signed a treaty of accession with the self-declared Republic of Crimea, annexing it into the Russian Federation as two federal subjects: the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol. Nahimutang ni sa habagatang bahin sa nasod, 700 km sa habagatan sa Kiev ang ulohan sa nasod. Trapezuntine Perateia had already been subjected to pressure from the Genoese and Kipchaks by the time Alexios I of Trebizond died in 1222 before the Mongol invasions began its western sweep through Volga Bulgaria in 1223.  During the period of the Crimean Khanate the many pre-Catherine peoples, including Crimean Greeks, Italians, Goths, Cumans, and Kipchkaks of Crimea merged into the Crimean Tatar nation's Tat, Yaliboylu, and Steppe (or Nogay) subgroups. 1. Ukraine’s government in Kiev is only a few days old and seems to bein disarray. A region and peninsula of southern Ukraine on the Black Sea and Sea of Azov. It became a center of slave trade.  The frost-free period ranges from 160–200 days in the steppe and mountain regions to 240–260 days on the south coast. The president's office in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea has currently managed to resume the process of developing this strategy together with colleagues from the Ministry for Reintegration of Temporarily Occupied Territories and the National Security and Defense Council. Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. At the beginning of the 20th century, a major development of palaces, villas, and dachas began—most of which remain. Crisis in the Borderlands", 2015) – about the very legitimacy of the 1954 transition of Crimea to Ukraine; in the critics' view the transition contradicted even the Soviet law. Page 72. this combines the figures for the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol, listing groups of more than 5,000 individuals.  On 5 May 1992, the Crimean legislature declared conditional independence, but a referendum to confirm the decision was never held amid opposition from Kyiv: elected president of Crimea Yuriy Meshkov, was replaced by Kyiv-appointed Anatoliy Franchuk, which was done with the intent to rein in Crimean aspirations of autonomy. Sea of Azov: There is little on the south shore. From west to east are: Heracles Peninsula; Balaklava/Symbalon/Cembalo, a smaller natural harbor south of Sevastopol; Foros, the southernmost point; Alupka with the Vorontsov Palace (Alupka); Gaspra; Yalta; Gurzuf; Alushta. It was believed[by whom?] It was in Crimea that the White Russians led by General Wrangel made their last stand against Nestor Makhno and the Red Army. Looking for abbreviations of ARC? Suggestions argued in various sources include: Other suggestions either unsupported or contradicted by sources, apparently based on similarity in sound, include: The spelling "Crimea" is the Italian form, i.e., la Crimea, since at least the 17th century and the "Crimean peninsula" becomes current during the 18th century, gradually replacing the classical name of Tauric Peninsula in the course of the 19th century.  Summers are hot at lower altitudes and warm in the mountains. On the north side of the peninsula is Chernomorskoe/Kalos Limen. Though Russia had control over the peninsula, sovereignty was disputed as Ukraine and the majority of the international community consider the annexation illegal, as was shown by the United Nations General Assembly adopting a non-binding resolution calling upon states not to recognise changes to the integrity of Ukraine. The area remained the site of overlapping interests and contact between the early medieval Slavic, Turkic and Greek spheres. General Assembly (73rd sess. GfK Ukraine.  The western parts of the Crimean mountains receive more than 1,000 millimetres (39.4 in) of precipitation per year. Also many solar photovoltaic SES plants lie along the peninsula (north of Sevastopol too, a smaller facility). A series of 18 sonnets constitute an artistic telling of a journey to and through the Crimea, they feature romantic descriptions of the oriental nature and culture of the East which show the despair of an exile longing for the homeland, driven from his home by a violent enemy. At the east end of the 90 km (56 mi) Kerch Peninsula is Kerch/Panticapaeum, once the capital of the Bosporian Kingdom. Annual Weather Averages in Autonomous Republic of Crimea. Первомайське, Autonomous Republic of Crimea Weather. United Russia maintained its position as the most supported political party across Crimea at the Russian legislative election on 18 September 2016, achieving 72.8% of the vote. In 1954, it was transferred to the Ukrainian SSR from the Russian SFSR.. Fishing, mining, and the production of essential oils are also important. The Autonomous Republic of Crimea occupies the territory of the Crimean peninsula that is situated on the south of Ukraine. “On December 2 this year, the Chamber of Deputies of the National Congress of Paraguay at its jubilee centennial extraordinary session unanimously adopted Declaration No. In the cities of Yevpatoria and nearby townlet Molochnoye are tram systems. Pop. , Since 2014 the Russian government has invested heavily in the peninsula's infrastructure—repairing roads, modernizing hospitals and building the Crimean Bridge that links the peninsula to the Russian mainland.  It is characterized by diversity and the presence of microclimates. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. , Crimean Tatar singer Jamala won the Eurovision Song Contest 2016 representing Ukraine with her song 1944, about the historic deportation of Crimean Tatars in that year by Soviet authorities. Russia formally annexed Crimea on 18 March 2014, incorporating the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol as the 84th and 85th federal subjects of Russia.. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? This steppe region is under intensive agricultural cultivation, with winter wheat, corn (maize), potatoes, and sunflowers among the main crops.  As well, winds from the southwest bring very warm and wet air from the subtropical latitudes of the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean sea and cause precipitation during fall and winter. Rome2rio makes travelling from Izhevsk to Autonomous Republic of Crimea easy. 577 ‘On the non-recognition of the ongoing annexation by the Russian Federation of the sovereign territory of Ukraine, the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, illegally called the ‘Republic of Crimea’,” the report reads. But the earliest recorded use of the toponym "Crimea"[clarification needed] for the peninsula occurred between 1315–1329 AD by the Arab writer Abū al-Fidā where he recounts a political fight in 1300–1301 AD resulting in a rival's decapitation and having "sent his head to the Crimea"..  The general trend is for the former lakes to become salt pans. The longest river of Crimea is the Salhir at 204 km (127 mi). Crimea contains the longest (96 km or 59 mi) trolleybus route in the world, stretching from Simferopol to Yalta. **) In the table are included nationalities,percentage them of total population Autonomous Republic of Crimea not less 0.1%.  Sixty percent of the industry market belongs to food production. that this cape was supposedly crowned with the temple of Artemis where Iphigeneia is said to have officiated as priestess. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. and Ukr. , In 2017 the Russian government also began modernising the Simferopol International Airport, which opened its new terminal in April 2018. The flow of holidaymakers dropped 35 percent in the first half of 2014 over the same period of 2013. West: The Isthmus of Perekop /Perekop/Or Qapi, about 7 km (4 mi) wide, connects Crimea to the mainland. Crimea was the background for Adam Mickiewicz's seminal work, The Crimean Sonnets inspired by his 1825 travel. In addition, vineyards and fruit orchards are located in the region. Crimea and adjacent territories were united in the Crimean Khanate during the 15th to 18th century. In 2014 Russia covertly invaded and illegally annexed Crimea, a move that was denounced by … In 1783, Crimea was annexed by the Russian Empire as the result of the Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774). There are a total of 291 large industrial enterprises and 1002 small business enterprises. Autonomous Republic of Crimea administrative division of Ukraine since 1992, not occupying the whole peninsula [see Q15966495 for Russian subdivision proclaimed in 2014] Many of his paintings depict the Black Sea. Large industrial enterprises and 1002 small business enterprises spa industry that draws both domestic and tourists!, among others in Karasubazar but was moved to Simferopol later in 1784 during winter friends! With greenery visa and MasterCard temporarily stopped service in Crimea. [ 40 ] All-Ukrainian of... Mouth of the anti-Bolshevik White Army the road bridge opened in December.! Tourist arrivals reached a record in 2012 at 6.1 million Kategorie, von insgesamt. 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