The Derawar Fort is one of the most visually stunning desert castles in Asia. Derawar Fort or Qila Derawar is a gigantic citadel in Bahawalpur district, on the edge of Cholistan Desert, in southern Punjab, Pakistan.Square in shape and towering over the wide stretch of surrounding semi-desert, the massive fort can easily be seen from miles. Voices of South Asia. Because of this there is no regular visitor information. Your email address will not be published. We would love to hear from you. Here are some pics I took: Have a comment, a great photo or a religious site you'd like to nominate for the weekly spotlight? Derawar Fort became a permanent possession of Bahawalpur in 1804. The fort was built by Rai Jajja Bhatti, a Rajput ruler of Bhatti clan, in the 9th century AD as a tribute to Rawal Deoraj Bhatti, a Rajput sovereign King of Jaisalmer and Bahawalpur area. With canon’s still displayed on the wall tops and armed guards still on patrol, Derawar Fort offers an almost unparalled trip back in time for visitors. [2], This deception practised by the Bhatti chief to obtain land on which to erect a fortress is not unknown in other parts of India, and in more remote regions. East of Bahawalpur is the Cholistan Desert which covers an area of about 15,000 km2 and extends into the Thar Desert of India. Derawar Fort is in Bahawalpur (Hindi: बहावलपुर, Punjabi/Urdu: بہاولپور) District in the Punjab province in Pakistan.Bahawalpur was also a princely state, stretching along the southern bank of the Sutlej and Indus Rivers, with its capital city at Bahawalpur. The Derawar Fort is 100 Km from Bahawalpur, actually the largest and most superlatively preserved fort of … The younger brother, Vijayraj Lanjha, had been named as successor and took power upon their father’s death. Just after a few years, the Nawab of Bahawalpur lost control over the fort due to regional turmoil. Howard Kramer is the creator and author of The Complete Pilgrim. Filed Under: Castle/Fortress Tagged With: Central Asia. The average annual rainfall is only 12 cm, and the little cultivation there is, is made possible by underground wells, drawn up by the camels. [8]. The beauty of entire Cholistan Desert could be seen from the fort. Derawar Fort is a large square fortress in Pakistan in Bahawalpur. This stronghold is the largest and most magnificent fort in Cholistan. It stands tall despite the wear and tear from the past centuries, and its stupendous structure is what prompts awe in the tourists that come to … Also, just across the border in India are the remains of Jaisalmer Fort, also founded by Jaisal. Deoraj excavated several large lakes in the territory of Khadal (in which Deorawal is situated) ; one at Tanot is called Tanosar ; another, after himself, Deosar. When the summons reached the Bhomia Bhatti of Derawal all obeyed. Having, under pretence of terminating this long feud, invited young Deoraj to marry the daughter of the Baraha chief, the Bhattis attended, when Beeji Rai and eight hundred of his kin and clan were massacred. Until a couple of decades ago, formal permission to visit the fort was issued from Sadiqgarh Palace by the Nawab. This site, created by Howard Kramer, is a combination travel blog and online guide to the world's greatest sites of religious interest (with some historic and recreational places thrown in for good measure). The Derawar Fort has its origins in legends dating back to the 12th century. Welcome to The Complete Pilgrim(TM)! According to the historical records, the foundation stone of Derawar fort was laid around 800 years ago. In the two decades since he has traveled to more than two dozen countries and almost every state, visiting and photographing hundreds of the world’s greatest churches, synagogues and other places of religious interest. If you have ever been to Lahore, there’s a good chance you have already visited the stunning Lahore Fort located in the… Bhatner owes its name to this expedient, from the division (bhatna) of the hide. Howard Kramer is the creator and author of The Complete Pilgrim. The main tribes are the Chhachhar, Mehr, Lar, Paryar, Channar, Chandani and Bohar. Derawar fort was built in the 9th c. by Rai Jajja Bhatti. This historically significant fort is an enormous and impressive structure in the heart of the Cholistan desert. Finding that they could not succeed by open warfare, they had recourse to treachery. The journey to desert is very adventurous on carpeted road, large fields of wheat crops on both sides of the road, camels, goats, cows and large patches of brown sand. Last month, I visited one of the most fascinating churches I have ever been to, the almost completely ignored Basilica of St. Denis in the northern suburbs of Paris. It is a square fort and each wall is 204.8 meters (672 feet) long, vertical 30 meters (98.4 feet) high and its total circumference of the walls is 1500 meters (4921.5 feet). The Lahore Fort was built by Akbar, grandfather of Shah Jahan, who achieved fame in the construction of India’s Red Forts. [4], James Tod writes that Bhatti Chief Deoraj had two sons, Moond and Chadu ; the last, by a wife of the Baraha tribe, had five sons, whose descendants were styled Chada Rajputs. Located in the middle of the Cholistan Desert, maintained in excellent condition, not easily accessible by roads, and still guarded by soldiers in traditional uniforms, the Derawar Fort may be one of the best travel experiences in Asia. She was rejoiced to behold her son's face, and " waved the salt over his head," then threw it into the water, exclaiming, " thus may your enemies melt away !" The Derawar mosque in front of the massive fort after which it was named. Apart from Derawar Fort, other strongholds in this network of forts that cuts across the Cholistan Desert include the Marotgarh Fort, the Khangarh Fort, and the Islamgarh Fort. Derawar fort is the best surviving example of this series of historic forts, some dating from pre-Mughal times, but all restored and expanded from the 16th to 18th century by powerful local clans. You can make interesting excursions from Bahawalpur, full day trip requiring a four-wheel drive vehicle to Derawar Fort (Qila Derawar), through the semi-desert of cholistan. On the whole, they are pastoral and nomadic. It changed hands several times. It is not easily accessible, and requires off-road transit across desert terrain. Derawar Fort is in Bahawalpur (Hindi: बहावलपुर, Punjabi/Urdu: بہاولپور) District in the Punjab province in Pakistan. Amazingly, this fortified palace, which was periodically used as a residence by the rulers of Jaisalmer, remained in in their possession for nearly six centuries. Once a part-time residence of the rulers of Jaisalmer, it is now the part-time residence of the old royal family of Bahawalpur. a Rajput ruler of Bhatti clan. The region was once watered by the Hakra River, known as the Saravati in vedic times. He first took an interest in religious sites in his early twenties when traveling through Italy after college. Howard has been writing about religious sites for the better part of the last decade, and The Complete Pilgrim is the culmination of years of his work and passion. It is although a national symbol of Pakistan but not a public property and still legally owned by Bahawalpur’s royal family. Its age is unknown. He wasted no time in driving out the older brother, Rawal Jaisal, and securing the capital at Laudrva for his own. At one time there were 400 forts in the area and archaeological finds around the Derawar Fort, the only place with a perennial waterhole, indicate that it was contemporaneous with the Indus Valley Civilisation. The Complete Pilgrim - Religious Travel Sites, Howard Kramer's, The Complete Pilgrim, Religious Travel Site, December 20, 2014 By Howard Kramer Leave a Comment. Derawar Fort Derawar is located at 28˚46’04” N and 71˚20’02” E. (Mughal, 1997, 153) Many names have been Soon tired of a life of dependence, Deoraj asked for a single village, which was promised ; but the kin of the Boota chief alarmed him, and he recalled it, and limited his grant to such a quantity of land as he could encompass by the thongs cut from a single buffalo's hide : and this, too, in the depth of the desert. Tanot was invested and taken, and nearly every soul in it put to the sword, so that the very name of Bhatti was for a while extinct. Derawar Fort is situated 100 km south of Bahawalpur city in Ahmed Pur Tehsil, Southen Punjab. Web: www.mybahawalpur.com (official tourism website of Bahawalpur). Derawar Fort is a 9th century human marvel. He commenced his reign with the teeka-dour against his old enemies, the Barahas, whom be defeated and plundered. Rather than rebuild the city, Jaisal established a new capital at Jaisalmer. The Derawar Fort’s symmetry with the history and the landscape has been of significance to for the people of the region. The … [Read More...], by Glory Ali The City of Brotherly Love offers tons to see and do and get this, it’s FREE. The Barahas and Langahas once more united to attack the Bhatti prince ; but they were defeated and put to flight. The historic Derawar Fort, enormous and impressive structure in the heart of Cholistan desert, is rapidly crumbling and if the immediate preventative measures are not taken, the edifice will be destroyed and the historians, researchers and sightseers deprived of the view of the legacy of the bygone era. [6], On this event, Kailan, the third son of the Rawal Kehar II, took possession of the forfeited lands, and besides Beekampur, regained Deorawul, which had been conquered by their ancient foes, the Dahya Rajputs. Preserving history: Harappa, Fort Derawar sites to be conserved Work on Derawa­r Fort will hopefu­lly start in 30-45 days, offici­als say By APP / Photo: Kashif Zafar Derawar Fort is situated 100km south of Bahawalpur City in Ahmed Pur Tehsil, Southern Punjab. They are all in ruins now, and you can see that they were built with double walls of gypsum blocks and mud. Almost every French monarch is buried here, and almost nobody goes here. The journey to desert is very adventurous on carpeted road, large fields of wheat crops on both sides of the road, camels, goats, cows and large patches of brown sand. Laudrva was sacked and the younger brother killed. History. The Derawar fort has around 40 bastions that stand 30 feet high. They live in large, round, mud and grass huts, usually built on the top of sandhills. Derawar Fort is a historic landmark located in the heart of the Cholistan desert, approximately a hundred kilometers south of Bahawalpur. The Derawar Fort was first built in the 9th century under the kingship of Rai Jajja Bhati, a Hindu Rajput from Jaisalmir in India's Rajasthan state. The Rohtas Fort, while not as old as Derawar, has older sections still standing and is considered to be one of the finest architectural examples in Pakistan. [3], Deoraj immediately commenced erecting a place of strength, which he called after himself Deogarh, or Deorawal, on Monday, the 5th of the month Mah (sudi) the Pookh Nikhitra, S. 909 (853 AD). By mid of eighteenth century this fort was conquered by Daudputra rulers of Bahawalpur. Made out of millions of bricks it is a formidable structure and definitely worth the drive to visit. The water is stored in troughs, built by the tribes, between sandhills and din waterholes called tobas. During one period when it was held by Bahawalpur, the fortress was substantially reconstructed. In the 1150s, the state of Jaisalmer in what is now Northwestern India and Central Pakistan was wracked by a feud between two brothers of the Bhati dynasti. Archaeological evidence suggests that this desert was once irrigated by the Hakra River, the bed of which can still be seen in the desert landscape. James Tod writes Beeji Rao had succeeded as Bhatti Chief in S. 870 (A.D. 814). It’s very difficult to reach Derawar Fort in its remote location, and typically one needs to hire a special guide to take them on the full-day journey to the site of the fort. In order to secure this desert frontier he erected an early fortress at Derawar. The Derawar Fort has its origins in legends dating back to the 12th century. There were three rows of these forts. the first line of forts began from Phulra and ended in Lera, the second from Rukhanpur to Islamgarh, and the third from Bikaner to Kapoo. The Derawar Fort is one of the fortresses located in the Cholistan Desert (known locally as Rohi), which adjoins the western part of the Thar Desert. However, it was conquered and completely rebuilt by the Nawabs of Bahawalpur in 1733 AD. However, in the nineteenth century they recaptured the fort and maintained their stronghold in the area for a long time. The tombs of the Amirs of Bahawalpur are also at Derawar, decorated with attractive blue glazed tiles contrasting with the ochre landscape. Email us at hkramer@thecompletepilgrim.com. Derawar Fort in Central Pakistan is one of the oldest and largest intact fortresses in Southern Asia. Derawar Fort A large square fort with 40 Bastian standing 100 ft high in desert is very attractive. He then went on to expand his realm westward into what is now Punjab. You can make an interesting and history trip from Bahawalpur to Derawar Fort. The fort situated in the heart of Cholistan desert has its own unique history: the walls and magnificent structure of the fort that covers miles of land in the desert are a testimony of past’s great lifestyle and culture. The Derawar Fort remains a possession of the Amirs of Bahawalpur and is actively maintained and guarded. He first took an interest in religious sites in his early twenties when traveling through Italy after college. Deoraj escaped to the house of the Purohit (of the Barahas, it is presumed), whither he was pursued. The fort was taken over by the Nawab of Bahawalpur, Sadeq Mohammad Khan I, in 1733 They in turn lost control of the fort in 1747 but took the stronghold back in 1804 and it remained as the desert abode of the Nawabs of Bahawalpur until the 1970s. | history of drawer fort in Urdu | 9th Century | Cholistan | history of drawer fort Most battles in this region were fought around this formidable fort. The walls have a circumference of 1.5 km. In S. 892, he had a son by the Boota queen, who was called Deoraj. Derawar was fortified and its importance enhanced further. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Thank you for visiting! In the 1150s, the state of Jaisalmer in what is now Northwestern India and Central Pakistan was wracked by a feud between two brothers of the Bhati dynasti. Derawar fort is also known as “Qila Derawar” is in the semi desert of Cholistan. HISTORY OF DERAWAR FORT There are many stories about the construction of the Derawar Fort but more pro able is this. Wittenberg, Germany Pakistan, like India, was home to many great fortresses of the late medieval and colonial eras. HISTORY • The Rohtas fort was built to crush the local tribes of Potohar, who rebelled against the Sur dynasty after the Mughal emperor Humayun was ousted by the former • The tribes included, Awans, Janjua Rajputs, Dhund Abbasi, Kayanis, Minhas … Around 600 BC, however, the river changed its c… The purpose of this article is to give you a brief overview of what this decision means and why it matters. Among the highlights of the fortress interior are the tombs of the rulers and their families. Derawar Fort. The majestic Derawar Fort, standing in the midst of the Cholistan Desert, is a famed hallmark of Bahawalpur. Jaisal subsequently made an alliance with a neighboring warlord, raised an army and returned to take his revenge. Click here for […]. Access to the fort is restricted, requiring permission to enter from the Abbasi family. In the two decades since he has traveled to more than two dozen countries and almost every state, visiting and photographing hundreds of the world’s greatest churches, synagogues and other places of religious interest. Click here for complete article, by Mary Neuhauser President Trump recently announced his intentions to move the United States Embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, thereby recognizing Jerusalem as the official capital of Israel. Learn how your comment data is processed. James Tod[9] writes that The warriors assembled under Visaladeva Chauhan against the Islam invader included the ruler of Derawar Fort. Because of its attachment to the predominantly Muslim territory of the region, Derawar Fort was incorporated into Pakistan when it declared independence in 1947, thus separating it from Jaisalmer which wound up on the Indian side of the border. For this expedient he was indebted to the architect Kekeya, who had constructed the castle of Bhatner. Derawar Fort is a picture of ruin and desolation. Copyright © 2020 The Complete Pilgrim, LLC || Marietta, GA 30068 ||, 5 PLACES TO VISIT IN HISTORIC PHILADELPHIA – MUSLIM TRAVEL ROCKS, MOVING THE U.S. EMBASSY TO JERUSALEM – FAITH IN FAITHS. [5], James Tod writes that When the sons of Bhatti Rao Raningdeo became converts to Islam, in order to avenge their father's feud with the Rathore prince of Nagore, they forfeited their inheritance of Poogul and Marot, and thenceforward mixed with the Abhoria Bhattis, and their descendants are termed Momun Musalman Bhutti. The forts here were built at 29 km intervals, which probably served as guard posts for the camel caravan routes. Derawar Fort A large square fort with 40 Bastian standing 100 ft high in desert is very attractive. The historic Derawar Fort, enormous and impressive structure in the heart of Cholistan desert, is rapidly crumbling and if the immediate preventative measures are not taken, the edifice will be destroyed and the historians, researchers and sightseers deprived of the view of the legacy of the bygone era. Derawar Fort is a large square fortress in Ahmadpur East Tehsil, Punjab, Pakistan. The fort was taken over by the Sadeq Mohammad Khan I in 1733 and it remained as the desert abode … Derawar Fort (Qila Derawar) is built by Hindu Rajput Rai Jajja Bhati of Jaisalmer in the Cholistan desert of Bahawalpur Pakistan. The fortress is still owned and in active use by the Abbasi family, who have maintained a residence here since the 19th century. All written content has been originally researched and produced and is provided free for public research and enjoyment. During the entire reign of the Nawabs of Bahawalpur, the fort was maintained from time to time and wa… Derawar Fort is a stronghold located in what is today Bahawalpur, in the Pakistani province of Punjab. The fort’s most distinguishing external feature are the huge, rounded tower-like ramparts that just out from the walls at extremely short intervals. Settlements, including those of the Indus Valley Civilization, once thrived in the region. Built on a small rise on the otherwise flat plain of the Cholistan Desert, it can be seen from miles around. Howard has been writing about religious sites for the better part of the last decade, and The Complete Pilgrim is a culmination of years of his work and passion. Like the Kot Digi Fort, Derawar Fort is massive and sensational. That’s right you heard it right it’s FREE. The rare visitors who make it here, and the rarer still who are permitted entrance by the Abbasi family, are swept back centuries in time in one of the most authentically preserved castles still in use anywhere. Bahawalpur was also a princely state, stretching along the southern bank of the Sutlej and Indus Rivers, with its capital city at Bahawalpur. http://www.jatland.com/w/index.php?title=Derawar_Fort&oldid=350626. Throughout the 18th century, the Derawar Fort became a strategic prize in a local war between the states of Jaisalmer and Bahawalpur. Derawar Fort (Qila Derawar) is in good condition, its walls are intact and still guarded by soldiers in fezes. In 300 Hijri, Jajja ruled over the modern tahsils of Khanpur and Ahmedpur East. The history behind the beautiful Derawar Fort is that it was initially created in the 9th century by a Hindu ruler, its original name being ‘Dera Rawar’ which lead to the current version of its name: ‘Derawar.’ This huge fort was made to commemorate the king of current day Jamshedpur and Bahawalpur, Raja Deoraj Bhatti. Jajja and Deva Sidh were two Bhati Rajas, Deva Sidh being the sister’s son of Jajja. [1], Deoraj remained for a long time concealed in the territory of the Barahas ; but at length he ventured to Boota, his maternal abode, where he had the happiness to find his mother, who had escaped the massacre at Tanot. Derawar Fort is located outside the city of Bahawalpur in Central Pakistan, approximately 200 miles southwest of Lahore. There being no hope of escape, the Brahmin threw the Brahminical thread round the neck of the young prince, and in order to convince his pursuers that they were deceived as to the object of their search, he sat down to eat with him from the same dish. Some of them date back to 1000 BC, and were destroyed and rebuilt many times. Derawar Fort Derawar Fort Bahawalpur is found 100 km (62 miles) from Pakistan. Some of these structures are still standing today, though others have fallen into ruins. The fort has an unusual triangular layout, with massive walls that appear even higher than they are thanks to the surrounding level landscape. On the outside it looks its most impressive - sadly, the inside offers a different view : neglected, dilapidated and crumbling. Most of what is standing today dates from this period. The people are racially similar to those in Rajasthan - tall, with sharp features. 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