Therefore, according this theory, people who use more divergent or lateral thinking will more often use the right hemisphere. Lateral Thinking: An Introduction. In many courses aimed at training people in divergent thinking, students are asked questions like the following: At the beginning, it may be hard to come up with even one idea. In no sense is this information intended to provide diagnoses or act as a substitute for the work of a qualified professional. In an abundance of enthusiasm generated post-Sputnik 1, the convergent style of thinking was rapidly equated with typical intelligence. Divergent thinking is the capacity to find relationships between ideas, concepts, and processes that, at first glance, lack any similarity. However, our schools and universities still prioritize a very convergent type of thinking in their methodology. To understand how this works a little better, let’s see what kind of psychological processes come into play. Start studying Convergent vs. Divergent thinking. This event can be…, Today, we'll travel back several hundred years to the Renaissance to learn about Sandro Botticelli, one of the most renowned…, You've probably experienced a sudden (or gradual) loss of appetite before. Switching back and forth between the two may not seem like multitasking, but it is a form of multitasking. We’ve neglected spontaneity, wit, and captivating freedom. Divergent thinking refers to the ability to generate creative ideas by exploring many possible solutions in an effort to find one that works. This occurs when you take full responsibility…, When a bond you have with someone makes you a better person that is a clear sign that the person…, Psychological debriefing is a quick intervention that takes place the first days after a traumatic event. Divergent thinking, also referred to as lateral thinking, is the process of creating multiple, unique ideas or solutions related to a problem that you are trying to solve. Divergent thinking [edit | edit source]. Get the word of the day delivered to your inbox, © 1998-, AlleyDog.com. Lateral Thinking. While in many cases, this strategy is useful and necessary, we must admit that real life is complex, dynamic, and imprecise enough that it’s unrealistic to think that problems have only one solution. ), Adapt it (What do people do to be less stressed at other workplaces? On the other hand, divergent thinking was equated with creativity and both were not uncommonly presented as … Look it up now! Convergent thinking narrows down multiple ideas into a single solution. Divergent Thinking Divergent thinking is an important type of thinking in problem solving, and an important concept in psychology. Therefore, we could also conclude that this type of thinking is also born out of a certain attitude towards life: free, cheerful, nonconformist, open to new experiences…, Bono, Edward (2014) Lateral Thinking: An Introduction. What kind of uses could you come up with if we gave you a toothbrush and a toothpick? When it comes to problem solving and idea generation, two ways are commonly cited, namely divergent and convergent thinking strategies. Read on and find out how to do it. Psychology Definition of CONVERGENT THINKING: the kind of critical thinking wherein a person examines a quantity of previously developed … convergent thinking: the opposite of divergent thinking, the capacity to narrow in on the single “correct” answer or solution to a given question or problem (e.g., giving the right response on an intelligence tests) creativity: ability to generate, create, or discover new ideas, solutions, and possibilities The goal of divergent thinking is to focus on a subject, in a free-wheeling way, to think of solutions that may not be obvious or predetermined. Divergent Thinking A cognitive process (a mode of critical thinking) in which a person generates many unique, creative responses to a single question or problem. To do so, we will focus on four areas in particular: Now here are four ways to improve the four areas above: “Synectics” is a term coined by psychologist William J. J. Gordon. The information and ideas obtained as a result of divergent thinking can be structured using convergent thinking to produce a single most effective answer. There is a movement in education that maintains divergent thinking might create more resourceful students. That is, sometimes they relate two things to each other that don’t make sense but other networks contribute and an ingenious idea results. Garrett: We can do it daily by choosing the concepts ourselves. Divergent thinking is the opposite of convergent thinking, which involves solving problems through obvious choices only. The name of this test suggests that it is a divergent thinking test, and its acronym (TCT-DP) makes it easy to confuse with Torrance’s TTCT. Divergent thinking is important in today’s modern world. For example, let’s say we have to come up with an idea for work. A cognitive process (a mode of critical thinking) in which a person generates many unique, creative responses to a single question or problem. Divergent Thinking Definition Divergent thinking, often referred to as lateral thinking, is the process of creating multiple, unique ideas or solutions to a problem that you are trying to solve. Divergent thinking takes place in a free-flowing, spontaneous manner and creates varieties of possible resolutions to another problem. ), Modify it (How can we work without becoming stressed? It is a spontaneous, fluid, non-linear mental approach based on curiosity and nonconformity. It typically occurs in a spontaneous, free-flowing, "non-linear" manner, such that many ideas are generated in an emergent cognitive fashion. Creativity Research, Herostratus Complex: Specialists in the Art of Posing, 3 Strategies to Process Obsessive Thoughts, My Greatest Triumph Is Having Achieved Emotional Independence, When Someone Makes You a Better Person You Know They Should Be in Your Life, Sandro Botticelli: Biography and Metamorphosis of the Soul, Philip Zimbardo, Author of The Lucifer Effect. ), Reform it (What would happen if I dared to…? ), Eliminate something (What if you get to work a little earlier to make better use of the day? “Imagination is the beginning of creation. When new, creative, innovative, and vague ideas are presented as a result of divergent thinking; systematic, procedural, precise and time-effective convergent thinking is required to work on the results of divergent thinkers, scrutinize and reach an unambiguous answer. Because actually it is a very nuanced process. Privacy Policy - Terms of Service. We can’t see the brain as an entity with clearly separated areas. You imagine what you desire, you will what you imagine, and at last you create what you will.”. In other words, they are making connections in both sides of the brain, not just one. Thinking: . Rather than presenting a series of problems for rote memorization or resolution, divergent thinking presents open-ended problems and encourages students to develop their own solutions to problems. Summary: Using both Convergent and Divergent Thinking. Divergent thinking takes place in a free-flowing manner and is spontaneous, which results in multiple possible solutions in short amount of time. Before continuing, it would be good to clarify one idea. People with “steep” semantic networks are governed more by logic and linear thinking. Thus, a person capable of offering innovation and creativity can make an attractive candidate. International: Português | Türkçe | Deutsch | 日本語 | Italiano | Español | Suomi | Français | Polski | Dansk | Norsk bokmål | Svenska | Nederlands | 한국어. Adventures in Divergent Thinking: Breaking through the inertia of no., by Kathryn Haydon, MSc ). People with “flat” semantic networks have mental networks that are much more connected. ), Now combine everything (What can we do to make our work more fun? 2. While convergent thinking relies more on logic, divergent thinking relies more on creativity. Psychologists who are experts in creativity say that people have different mental networks of association: We have all heard about how the right hemisphere of the brain is the creative side and the left is the logical side. Divergent th inking typically occurs in a spontaneous, free-flowing manner, such that the ideas are generated in a random, unorganized fashion. What can I do with a paper clip and a spoon? It is often used for creative and problem solving purposes in conjunction with Convergent thinking. Convergent thinking is useful and necessary on many occasions. Creativity Research, It talks, it whispers, it yells… It expresses itself however it can, or however we let it, sometimes. With our high-pressure, busy lives, we neglect many of these valuable dimensions. UK: Vermilion, Runko, A. Convergent thinking refers to the ability to put a number of different pieces from different perspectives of a topic together in some organized, logical manner to find a … Please subscribe to my channel: http://bit.ly/spencervideosImagine you have a problem you need to solve and you’re looking for innovative solutions. All ideas are valid for idea stimulation in divergent thinking. Also called: ‘Thinking … And in how we work? On the other hand, divergent thinking expands outward by generating multiple ideas, often thinking like a hacker and using materials in original ways. n (Psychology) psychol thinking in an unusual and unstereotyped way, e.g. Through spontaneous, free-flowing thinking, divergent thinking requires coming up … Being aware…, Mom, tell me again about how I was born. Following divergent thinking, the ideas and information will be organized using convergent thinking; i.e., putting the … Psychologist Nina Lieberman’s research in the very interesting book Playfulness: Its Relationship to Imagination and Creativity has something very relevant to add to this discussion. Divergent thinking is a thought process or method used to generate creative ideas by exploring many possible solutions. What does DIVERGENT THINKING mean? Divergent thinking is a longer process as compared to convergent thinking. Although Guilford emphasized the importance of training children in divergent thinking, educational institutions have paid little attention to him. However, sometimes that creative potential disappears when children grow up in an educational system that standardizes the mindset of all students, unifying their perspectives. However, behavioral addictions are equally important to…, Philip Zimbardo is a well-known and controversial social psychologist and researcher. This procedure is unorganized and yields unexpected connections. Basically, it means being able to find connections and relationships between concepts, objects, and ideas that seem unrelated. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Substitute one element of that idea for another. No one kind of thinking is better than another. In a society accustomed to mimicking similar skills, there comes a time when large companies begin to value other skills. It takes a lot of willpower and discipline. In general, they’ve prioritized a type of reflection (or rather lack thereof) where the student must use linear thinking, rules, and structured processes to come to the one “right” solution. Divergent thinking involves artistry which is associated with the right brain while convergent thinking encompasses logical reasoning which employs the left brain. Their open mind is full of possibilities and unusual, original, and constant idiosyncratic reasoning. For instance, processes like brainstorming, creative thinking and free writing are parts of divergent thinking applied at the beginning … For this we recommend that you contact a reliable specialist. ), Give it other uses (What is there at work that I could do in a more fun way? Tell me if you were afraid in those hours before I was born. This is different from convergent thinking which attempts to find a single, correct answer to a problem. Divergent thinking goes hand-in-hand with joy, optimism, and inner well-being. A. It is very useful in creating something innovative and practicing divergent thinking. Convergent thinking is used in accordance with divergent thinking. However, the real problem is that we’ve been “trained” to only think this way. Start studying Chapter 7 Cognition, Thinking, & Divergent Thinking. In the 1960’s J.P. Guilford differentiated and defined convergent and divergent thinking. Divergent thinking, or lateral thinking, is about generating multiple creative solutions to the same problem. The amount of new ideas is much higher than in convergent thinking, and the emphasis is placed on the overall picture of a situation, ideas, and problems. Mark (1991) Divergent Thinking (Creativity Research). However, some people are capable of coming up with multiple answers and ingenious ideas because they are good at what Edward de Bono calls “lateral thinking”. Dad, tell me about what you felt. Divergent thinking refers to a way of solving problems wherein a variety of possible solutions are proposed in an effort to find one that works. Divergent thinking definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. http://www.theaudiopedia.com What is DIVERGENT THINKING? In fact, it is also a type of thinking very common in children, where joy, imagination, and a fresh perspective make their reasoning more free. There are different methods in divergent thinking. This symptom can become normal if it happens at…, In our current society, people often associate the word "addiction" with substance abuse. In this manner, they are correlated. It's a constant battle against your…, One of the greatest personal achievements you can make is complete emotional independence. Convergent and divergent thinking require two different parts of the brain. What is convergent and divergent thinking in psychology? 1. However, it is based on an approach that differs substantially from divergent thinking (Torrance) or divergent production (Guilford)—a Gestalt 5-psychology theory of creativity. His Stanford prison experiment was only the beginning of…. © 2020 Exploring your mind | Blog about psychology and philosophy. (What can we change in how we have fun? The key lies is in how we connect one idea to another. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. And multitasking is … This exercise takes a lot of mental work. Divergent thinking is a process wherein as many solutions as possible to a problem are generated, and then the best solution from that group is selected. There, the goal is to be able to create new questions. If convergent thinking is applied then after, the very best answer can be picked out from the multiple solutions resulted due to divergent thinking. Other dimensions that bring ingenuity and vitality to their projects. Having good relationships, being well-rested, and being free of pressure, anxiety, and stress puts you in an ideal position for divergent thinking. Psychologists who are experts in creativity say that people have different mental networks of association: People with “steep” semantic networks are governed more by logic and linear thinking. Once we have that “idea”, we’ll put it through a series of “filters”. Divergent thinking: As discussed already, divergent thinking is actually a collection of unrelated skills that merely look similar at an abstract level. Therefore, we need to learn how to use true divergent thinking. Well, we have to be careful with this kind of generalization about lateralization or cerebral dominance. Many educational centers do encourage their students to do more than find the right answer. Divergent thinking in children is an exceptional gift. Group activities, like brainstorming, along with individual activities, like stream of consciousness writing, are methods of divergent thinking that can aid in the process of problem resolution. What…, Processing obsessive thoughts is a tough job. This is different from convergent thinking which attempts to find a single, correct answer to a problem. In fact, when generating an idea, whether it is ingenious, conservative, logical, or highly creative, we use our whole brain. to generate several possible solutions to a problem. So many people see but don't perceive. Like we said, all of us, regardless of age, can practice and improve our divergent thinking. This is … The trick is to find ways to be consistent about it by employing both divergent and convergent thinking and the strengths that support them, so that you continue to grow personally. The most ingenious people use tree-like thought processes. This material may not be reprinted or copied for any reason without the express written consent of AlleyDog.com. All material within this site is the property of AlleyDog.com. What relationship could there be between the Limpopo River in Africa and Lake Baikal in Siberia? Divergent thinking is the capacity to find relationships between ideas, concepts, and processes that, at first glance, lack any similarity. The content in this publication is presented for informative purposes only. Articles and opinions on happiness, fear and other aspects of human psychology. What kind of things could you do with a brick and a pen? UK: Vermilion, Divergent Thinking (Creativity Research). Ross: “Thinking is a mental activity in its cognitive aspect or mental activity with regard to psychological aspects”. Medical definition of divergent thinking: creative thinking that may follow many lines of thought and tends to generate new and original solutions to problems. This is because they haven't learned the art of perceiving from the heart. For example: The Scamper technique is another creative idea-developing strategy developed by Bob Eberle. Divergent thinking is an aspect of intelligence a thought process or method, which is usually applied with the goal to generate ideas. Change in how we connect one idea the ability to generate creative ideas by exploring many possible solutions short..., © 1998-, AlleyDog.com with clearly separated areas been “ trained ” to only think way. Is this information intended to provide diagnoses or act as a substitute for the work of qualified... Make is complete emotional independence it daily by choosing the concepts ourselves a person capable of offering innovation and can! The ability to generate creative ideas by exploring many possible solutions in short amount of time reason without the written... 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Is spontaneous, free-flowing manner and creates varieties of possible resolutions to another problem it! This we recommend that you contact a reliable specialist enthusiasm generated post-Sputnik 1, the convergent of... Find the right answer see what kind of psychological processes come into play, a person capable offering! Wherein a person capable of offering innovation and creativity can make is complete emotional.... If you were afraid in those hours before I was born is usually with! Problems through obvious choices only his Stanford prison experiment was only the beginning of… we change how. That I could do in a society accustomed to mimicking similar skills, there comes a time large... A movement in education that maintains divergent thinking definition at Dictionary.com, a person examines a quantity of previously …. Ideas obtained as a substitute for the work of a qualified professional curiosity and nonconformity exploring! Solving and idea generation, two ways are commonly cited, namely divergent and convergent thinking relies on!, it would be good to clarify one idea to another problem Research ) objects, and inner.. Things could you do with a brick and a spoon out how to do it daily by choosing concepts...

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