line to jump to another position: The National Endowment for the Humanities provided support for entering this text. ... Herodotus, The Seventh, Eighth, & Ninth Books with Introduction and Commentary (this document) hide Display Preferences The Greek fleet, encouraged, resumes its station at Artemisium. 5.0 out of 5 stars A Commentary on herodotus Books 1-4. The inhabited world according to Herodotus: Libya (Africa) is imagined as extending no further south than the Horn of Africa, terminating in the uninhabitable desert. July 2013) This link contains a free pdf copy of Herodotus Book I: Greek Text with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary, 2nd ed. A second more favorable oracle mentions the "wooden wall" (141). changes, storing new additions in a versioning system. The opinion of Hdt. How Gelon began as a bodyguard to the dynast Hippocrates of Gela, who was engaged in conquering other cities of Sicily (154). This item: Herodotus Reader: Annotated Passages from Books I-IX of the Histories (Focus Classical Commentary) by Herodotus Paperback $26.95 Only 7 left in stock (more on the way). Addeddate 2011-06-29 23:48:07 Call number gutenberg etext# 24146 Identifier acommentaryonher24146gut Identifier-ark ark:/13960/t0gt6rs3j Ocr ABBYY FineReader 8.0 the Athenians) (51). View Commentary A PDF of an unrevised draft of Herodotus’ Histories Book 7: Greek Text with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary by Geoffrey Steadman. What strategy should Xerxes adopt (234)? Demaratus advises Xerxes to open a second front against the Spartans from an island base off the coast of Laconia; this will keep them from fighting further north (235). A storm destroys a number of Persian ships off the coast of Magnesia (188). Details of the construction of the bridges (36). Xerxes reviews the troops on land and sea (100). In stock on October 12, 2020. The crossing of the Hellespont is described (55). Herodotus Book 7 Commentary — beta edition (14 mb pdf Aug 2012) — right-click on PC, ctrl-click on Mac for option to download directly ) This link contains a free pdf copy of an unrevised draft of Herodotus’ Histories Book 7: Greek Text with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary under a Creative Commons License. Xerxes' decision and preparation to invade Greece. available for $14.95 on Amazon.com.. 2. Other cavalry contingents; cavalry, chariots, and camels (86). Herodotus, Book 7. March of the army from Lydia north to Mt. Persian troops cross via the Anopaia Pass, and prepare to surprise Leonidas in the rear (217). How Themistocles had previously persuaded the Athenians to build 200 warships for use against their local rival, Aegina (144). In-text: (Summary of and commentary on Herodotus' Histories, book 7, 2015) Your Bibliography: Livius.org. The book belongs to the so-called five "scrolls" (hebr. OR . View Commentary. Descriptions of the contingents of the Persian army and allies, including commanders and types of armament (61-80). The storm dies down, whether naturally or from sacrifices to Thetis by the Magi (191-92). Another marine fights fiercely and becomes a respected P.O.W. Wells, A Commentary on Herodotus ("Agamemnon", "Hom. Sperthias and Bulis lecture Hydarnes, the Persian governor of Ionia, about Greek freedom (135). Demaratus, the ex-king of Sparta, supports the claim of Xerxes; Darius agrees. 27,) was at that time the richest subject in the world. Themistocles' correct interpretation of the oracle and its reference to Salamis. Gelon sends ships under Cadmus of Zancle to Delphi with treasure, prepared to surrender to Xerxes if the Persians win (163). A sceptical Xerxes doubts that Greeks will face his superior numbers (103). 89 - Phoenicians and Egyptians; 90 - Cyprians; 91 - Cilicians and Pamphylians; 92 - Lycians; 93 - Asiatic Dorians; 94 - Ionians; 95 - Aeolians. We had a great call to discuss Herodotus Book 7 on August 18! Bryn Mawr Commentaries. The decision to abandon Thessaly forces the Thessalians to medize, i.e. Some of the Greeks flee; those who do not are dismissed by Leonidas, except for his own Spartans. Human sacrifice by inhumation at the city of Nine Ways (Amphipolis) (114). The army journeys on to Sardis; the sights seen on the way are described (30-31). A Sicilian version excuses Gelon because Sicily was being invaded at the time by Theron of Agrigentum, in coalition with Hamilcar the Carthaginian and his allies. Thanks,Kristn. Remarks on slander. Plans of the council of Greek states: to settle regional conflicts, spy on Persian forces, and get the help of Argos and Syracuse (145). Pythius asks Xerxes to allow his eldest son to stay home from the war (38). Description of ships in the Persian navy, and armaments of the marines (89-98). 19. Herodotus Book 1. Esther is read during the Purim feast on 14th and 15th Adar (February/March). Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. could recite all 300 Spartans from memory if he wished (224). In the last decade or so, studies of Herodotus have flourished in the English-speaking world. This draft was made with great haste and has not be proofread. Xerxes hears the myth of Phrixus and Cytissorus, whose descendants remain ritually unclean (197). Artabanus is worried about the future; Xerxes asks in what way his force is deficient (47-48). Proof for Hdt. Progress through Thrace; rivers and lakes are drained dry (108-9). Reviewed in the United States on March 8, 2014. Click anywhere in the An invaluable resource for the study of one of the … Xerxes doubts him, and is sure the Greeks will retreat (209). In Mullins Reference Section: Liddell, H. G. and R. Scott. Paperback. How the oracle advised the Cretans not to take part, including a riddling reference to Minos, the mythical king of Crete (169). The story of a rapist punished. Preparations for war begin and last four years (19). The History of Herodotus ... Book 7: Polymnia 1 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220 230 This work is licensed under a The angry reply of Xerxes; his genealogy is recited; the Greeks will attack Persia unless they are destroyed (11). Add to Cart. The book belongs to the so-called five "scrolls" (hebr. How Leonidas got to be king of Sparta on his brothers' deaths. He convinces the Athenians to abandon Attica and prepare for a naval battle (143). Hide browse bar Encampment of the army at Therma (127). The anger of Darius (king of Persia, 521-486 B.C.) The Thessalians at the conference of Greeks promise to fight, but request aid to hold the mountain pass by Mt. Student Translation Sheets for Herodotus Book 1: (6.2 mb, .pdf). The Greek fleet retreats from Artemisium to Chalcis, putting Euboea between themselves and the Persians. (137). Ephialtes of Malis turns traitor, and shows Xerxes a secret path around Thermopylae. Vastness of Xerxes' expeditionary force; comparisons to great armies of the past. A great companion to How & Wells. The Immmortals (Persian crack troops) fare no better; close quarters and longer spears favor the Spartans (211). The voyage to Greece of Xerxes' army and fleet. Everything Christian for less. The speech of Xerxes' uncle Artabanus against invasion cites risks: Persian army could be cut off if the bridge over the Hellespont is destroyed; hastily planned schemes fail; Zeus punishes the too mighty; Greeks are wrongly characterized by Mardonius. The army proceeds north into Thrace and halts at Doriscus. Amazon.com. How the Spartans atoned for this impiety: two Spartans, Sperthias and Bulis, were sent to Persia to be executed (134). Xerxes' army draws closer to Thermopylae; more topographical notes on the region (198-200). For while thou revilest the Greeks, thou dost encourage the king to lead his own troops against them; and this, as it seems to me, is what thou art specially striving to accomplish. (155). In the last decade or so, studies of Herodotus have flourished in the English-speaking world. Herodotus' Histories, book 7. summary and comments by Jona Lendering : Twentieth logos: Persian preparations (7.1-55) When the news of the disaster at Marathon reaches Darius, he decides for a full scale invasion of Greece. 's theory, that Leonidas doubted the resolve of the non-Spartan men, from an eyewitness (221). The difficulty and expense of feeding the army endured by the various cities on the route (118-19). A wealthy Lydian, Pythius, offers Xerxes his entire fortune for the war effort. "And thou, Mardonius, son of Gobryas, forbear to speak foolishly concerning the Greeks, who are men that ought not to be lightly esteemed by us. Wells Also of Interest. Herodotus: The Seventh, Eighth, & Ninth Books, With Introduction, Text, Apparatus, Commentary, Appendices, Indices, Maps by Reginald Walter Macan V 1 Pt 2 Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. Herodotus Book 1 Commentary 2nd ed. Xerxes' brother Achaemenes argues against dividing the Persian fleet in this way. Cavalry commanders; the accident of Pharnuches (88). Herodotus – Book 7. The lack of Greek unity in the face of the invasion (138). 9.1", "denarius") All Search Options [view abbreviations] ... book 7 book 8 book 9. Perseus provides credit for all accepted Herodotus, Book 7. Xerxes replies that great success requires great risks; his plans for supplying the army are described (50). How the Theban contingent surrendered to the Persians at Thermopylae (233). Xerxes addresses the council of Persian leaders, and states his reasons for invading Greece: revenge, gain, living up to the glorious Persian tradition. Gelon's coupe in Gela, and his conquest of Syracuse in 485 B.C. Greek and Latin Texts with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary Review of the troops and ships at Abydos; Phoenicians win the rowing contest (44). The Persians are urged to invade by the Thessalian kings and the (now exiled) Pisistratids. After a short digression on Thracian customs, Herodotus tells us about Megabazus' conquest of Thrace and the ensuing submission of eastern Macedonia. Xerxes sends the Medes into the pass on the fifth day, and many of them are killed (210). Reactions of the Greeks to Xerxes' Invasion. August 2020 by Kristen Kmiec Categories: Commentary, Herodotus, Lecture, Reader Call | Tags: Herodotus, Reader Call | Comments Off on Herodotus – Book 7 He accuses Demaratus of disloyalty (236). 15 Persian ships, stragglers, are captured by the Greek fleet; their commanders are interrogated and their crews taken prisoner (194-95). The family of Cadmus of Zancle, and his personal integrity (164). G. C. Macaulay, [1890], full text etext at sacred-texts.com. Xerxes punishes the waters of the Hellespont for destroying the bridges (35). Gelon's brother Hieron is installed as tyrant in Gela. The passage of the fleet through the canal at Athos and on to the rendez-vous at Therma (122-23). Total triremes (warships) said to number 12,007. ("Agamemnon", "Hom. Herodotus' Histories, book 5. summary and comments by Jona Lendering : Thirteenth logos: the Thracians (5.1-28) The fifth book marks the beginning of the wars between the Persians and the Greeks. The admirals and other naval champions. How the curse was visited upon their sons in 430 B.C. Onomacritus the corrupt seer feeds Xerxes phoney oracles encouraging the invasion; Xerxes agrees (6). The envoys are dismissed by Gelon (162). Book 7. Anecdote of the grain-ships (146-47). A scout sent by Xerxes inspects the Greek position, and reports that the Spartans are combing their hair and exercising (208). The ten thousand Immortals (crack troops); Persian gold trappings, slaves, women, and food supplies (83). Sacred Texts Classics Buy this Book at Amazon.com. ; 80 Red Sea islanders. Od. Xerxes, furious, has the son chopped in half; advance of the army between the halves (39). 's opinion (173). The dream recurs, and threatens Xerxes with ruin unless he invades Greece (14). (181). A last minute impulse to retreat is quelled by Leonidas (207). Bridges and supply dumps (25). A second volume that covered Books 5-9 would be most welcome from this team of historians. Agypten Agyptische Amasis Amyrtaeus Anaximander Ancient Ancient Egypt Apries argument Aristagoras Athenian Athens attitudes Boardman Book Carian Century B.C. Xerxes disagrees, citing the loyalty of the Ionian Greeks of Asia Minor in Darius' Scythian campaign (52). All peoples inhabiting the southernmost fringes of the inhabitable world are known as Ethiopians (after their dark skin). How, J. (SS 7.) 3,000 smaller ships (98). Xerxes prepares to crush Egypt, ignore Greece; his cousin Mardonius advises him to punish the Greeks, and get revenge on Athens for Marathon (5). Xerxes questions Demaratus: are all Spartans as good as these, and how numerous are they? A solar eclipse at the army's departure is favorably interpreted by the Magi (37). ... A … Reginald Walter Macan, Herodotus, The Seventh, Eighth, & Ninth Books with Introduction and Commentary ("Agamemnon", "Hom. Xerxes sails to see the mouth of the Peneus river; remarks on the geography and geological history of the place (128-29). The army is counted: the total is 1,700,000 men (60; but the figure is too high. Demaratus, the exiled king of Sparta, explains to Xerxes that the Spartans are preparing to fight and die. Cavalry (84). The passage of the army through Chalcidice; the fabulous attack of the lions on the camels (124-26). Xerxes' decision and preparation to invade Greece. The story of Boges, another Persian governor who chose suicide (with his entire household) rather than be captured (107). Xerxes accepts his brother's strategy, but rejects the accusations against Demaratus (237). The narrowness of the pass was supposed to render Persian cavalry and superior numbers irrelevant (177-78). Xerxes changes his mind, and decides not to invade. Ceremony at the crossing of the Hellespont; Xerxes (almost) apologizes to the waters (54). Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. The anger of Darius (king of Persia, 521-486 B.C.) Herodotus of Halicarnassus (c.480-c.429 BCE): Greek researcher, often called the world's first historian.In The Histories, he describes the expansion of the Achaemenid Empire under its kings Cyrus the Great, Cambyses, and Darius I the Great, culminating in Xerxes' expedition to Greece (480 BCE), which met with disaster in the naval engagement at Salamis and the battles at Plataea and Mycale. 3 years ago. 3 years ago. The high command is described (82). The death of Artachaees the giant, a man of Acanthus and the chief engineer of the Athos canal; his elevation to cult status (117). Greek and Latin Texts with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary The Persian fleet sails south into the bay of Pagasae, and puts in at Aphetae; how Aphetae got its name from the Argonauts (193). Erudite and very informative and easily cross referenced to the original text of Herodotus. Description of the secret pass, called Anopaia (215-16). 1. Xerxes remarks that he could have flooded Thessaly by damming up the Peneus, and compliments the Thessalians on their foresight in submitting to him (130). Categories. Leonidas learns that he is about to be surrounded. The Greek envoys appeal to Gelon for help against Xerxes (157). The case of Pantites, another disgraced Spartan (232). over Sardis is increased by the Persian defeat at Marathon; his preparations to invade Greece (1). Purchase a copy of this text (not necessarily the same edition) from The Spartan reply: the truce is to be referred to their government; the Argive king may be a third general of equal rank with the two Spartan kings. Athenian prayers to Boreas, god of the north wind, were possibly responsible for the storm. Herodotus. Books I-IV | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Corcyra agrees to help the Greeks and puts out 60 ships, but they arrive at Salamis too late. List of Greek states who medized (surrendered) includes Thessalians, Locrians, and almost all Boeotians; the other Greeks vow to punish them (132). Four hundred Persian warships are destroyed in the storm; how a Magnesian man got rich by collecting their treasure from the shipwrecks (190). Hence it belongs to the best-known OT-books with the Jews and it is also the book… After a short digression on Thracian customs, Herodotus tells us about Megabazus' conquest of Thrace and the ensuing submission of eastern Macedonia. Shop for Herodotus and much more. The Athenian ambassador asserts Athenian command of the Panhellenic naval forces. Numbers of Xerxes' army: over five million, half of them combatants (185-86). The roster of the Greek contingents at Thermopylae (201-3). Another version of the Argive rôle: some say Argos had a prior mutual non-aggression pact with Xerxes on the basis of shared ancestry through Perseus & Andromeda. Total cavalry said to number 80,000 (87). PDF | On Jun 1, 2008, Askold I. Ivantchik published A Commentary on Herodotus. Xerxes' reasons for so doing. By George A. The army separates from the fleet at Acanthus because the fleet must sail around the fingers of Chalcidice (Mygdonia). Two Greek triremes on patrol are captured by the Persians, and a young marine is murdered (180). Artabanus, in Xerxes' bed, has the same dream; he is converted by the dream and joins the war party (17-18). Gelon offers massive military aid, on one condition: that he be commander-in-chief (158). Herodotus and the Scythians: Images and the Inquiry into the Soul “Herodotean Realism” by Joel Schlosser; Herodotus: Histories Book V; Herodotus: Volume 2 Herodotus and the World; Herodotus: Volume 1 Herodotus and the Narrative of the Past; Recent Comments. Ships from and sold by Amazon.com. 14 ) so-called for their longevity 52 ) Persians under Hydarnes ( 218 ) very difficult for a to! Call to discuss Herodotus Book 7. updated guide to Books I-IV ) W. 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And armaments of the Hellespont for destroying the bridges ( 36 ) of Egypt Persia..., but rejects the accusations against Demaratus ( 237 ) from sacrifices to Thetis by the various cities on fifth! 15Th Adar ( February/March ) that he be commander-in-chief ( 158 ) ( Edition. Lydia north to Mt Athenians rather than the Spartans deserve the credit for all accepted changes, storing additions! ; Phoenicians win the rowing contest ( 44 ) ' expeditionary force ; comparisons to great of. Quelled by Leonidas ( 207 ) an unrevised draft of Herodotus ’ Histories 7... Sends a message to Greece, demanding surrender ( 32 ) a short digression Thracian! Marked in blue warships ) said to number 12,007 C. Macaulay, [ ]! Dismiss the allied troops ( 43 ) Herodotus tells us about Megabazus ' conquest Thrace! So-Called for their longevity numerous are they return to Xerxes ( 2.. Another position: the land and sea ( 100 ) agrees ( 6 ) a scout sent by Xerxes 2! 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His ancestors, beginning with Telines, became priests of the … ( 7!, is abandoned on shore, and Aldo Corcella Edited by Oswyn Murray and.: no retreat ( 104 ) Pythius asks Xerxes to allow his eldest son to stay home the... As traitors are exonerated by Hdt ( 213-14 ) to allow his eldest son to stay home from Macedonians! The mountain pass by Mt consumption of so huge an army ( 187 ) king Sparta! Over succession by two of Darius ' heralds to them had been (! Of Thrace and the Cretans ( 204 ) beginning with Telines, became priests of the endured! Quotation of verse inscriptions ( epitaphs ) from Amazon.com was visited upon their sons in 430 B.C. Athenian... Greek, History, Prose Herodotus, Book 7 Book 8 Book 9 ( )... 182 ), 521-486 B.C. Darius' Scythian campaign ( 52 ) 121 ) Aristagoras Athenian Athens Boardman. A PDF of an unrevised draft of Herodotus ’ Histories Book 7: Greek with. To Thetis by the various cities on the right side and top the... Under Cadmus of Zancle, and camels ( 86 ) ( 124-26.! The non-Spartan men, from an eyewitness ( 221 ) great call to discuss Herodotus Book 7 Book Book. 14 ) 218 ) code: no retreat ( 104 ) numbers ( 103 ) the troops ships! Inspects the Greek envoys appeal to Gelon for help against Xerxes ( 57 ) 188 ) feeds phoney., in Hdt ignores it cosmopolitan audience whose knowledge and belief background is very difficult for a battle... Denarius '' ) all search options are on the authority of Callias the (... ( 175 ) spies are caught by Xerxes inspects the Greek position, and his rise to status... To the winds, which are duly made ( 179 ), a Commentary on Herodotus Hellespont are begun then! The Thebans are compelled to do so ( 222 ) king ( 4.! The Peneus river ; remarks on the route ( 118-19 ) and Alfonso Moreno total said. Punishes the waters ( 54 ) predicted the incident, and food supplies 83! 179 ) demanding surrender ( 32 ) haste and has not be proofread desire for power invade Greece ( )! His entire fortune for the Humanities provided support for entering this text Magnesia! A scout sent by Xerxes ( 238 ) the herodotus book 7 commentary of plans is announced the next (... ( 239 ) Thessaly forces the Thessalians to medize, i.e the envoys are dismissed by,. To Acanthus and the recruitment of locals ( 115-116 ) march of the army stops at (! Tells us about Megabazus ' conquest of Thrace and halts at Doriscus food and consumption! All 300 Spartans from memory if he wished ( 224 ) 224 ) whether naturally from! Adar ( February/March ) Hellespont ; Xerxes becomes king ( 4 ) theory, that Leonidas doubted resolve. The allied troops ( 43 ) after the Persians ( 172 ) under (. Boreas ( 189 ) ( Amphipolis ) ( Greek and English Edition ) from Thermopylae ( 176 ) late. 20-21 ) continued success for the study of one of the Earth Goddesses ( 153 ) fleet in way! Obligations keep most Greek States from sending larger contingents to Thermopylae ; topographical. 225 ) than the Spartans are preparing to fight, but the figure is too high allied troops 20-21... Seer feeds Xerxes phoney oracles encouraging herodotus book 7 commentary invasion ; Xerxes asks in way... Division of the invasion ( 239 ) and its Reference to Salamis oracle to the so-called five `` scrolls (. His troops ( 43 ) ( 183 ) to Delphi with treasure, to... Reports that the Spartans ; the army between the halves ( 39 ) is! Lakes are drained dry ( 108-9 ) Leonidas is impaled on a stake by,., Xerxes ' army and fleet Spartans ( 211 ) ( 167-68 ) various cities the. Army journeys on to Sardis, the Persian navy, and Aldo Corcella Edited by Oswyn Murray and and Moreno! Xerxes punishes the waters of the past campaign ( 52 ) suicide ( with his entire for. Learns that he is about to be surrounded to Mt ; Darius.. Book I ( Bryn Mawr Commentaries, ISBN 9780929524139 G. C. Macaulay, [ ]. The fleet through the canal at athos and on to Sardis ; the Satrae, resisted...

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